Naloxegol in Cancer Opioid-Induced Constipation
a study on Constipation
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of naloxegol versus the patient's usual care in treating opioid-induced constipation, as well as the effect on the patient's quality of life and how much pain is experienced. Also, the purpose of this study is to compare whether treatment with naloxegol versus usual care has any impact on the number of hospital or clinic visits or telephone calls to the patient's physician that are related to constipation, and to determine the patient's preference for continuing to receive naloxegol as treatment for opioid-induced constipation.
A Phase II, Randomized, Single Center, Pilot Feasibility Study to Evaluate Naloxegol for Opioid-Induced Constipation in Cancer Patients
Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is a common symptom in patients with cancer-related pain and requires burdensome self-titration of laxatives for prophylaxis and treatment. Consequently, naloxegol may have an important role in this setting. Naloxegol has been evaluated in relieving OIC with cancer patients in a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial over 4 weeks with a 12-week extension phase. However, accrual was challenging and the trial was closed early. Given the complexity of cancer and its treatment, a key first step is to determine if evaluating naloxegol versus standard of care is feasible in the management of OIC in this setting.
Subjects will receive naloxegol 25mg daily or usual care for a 2-week initial treatment period followed by 3-day washout period, then a 2-week crossover treatment period where subjects will receive naloxegol or usual care. Treatment assignment during the initial and crossover treatment periods will be dictated by the randomization arm. Subjects will also have the option to participate in a 12-week extension phase of naloxegol.
Constipation Cancer Opioid Analgesics, Opioid Naloxegol
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- Adults greater than or equal to 18 years old.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) less than or equal to 3.
- Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) greater than or equal to 30 ml/min/1.73m2 by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD).
- Corrected serum calcium level less than or equal to 10.5 mg/dL.
- Estimated life expectancy greater than or equal to 6 months.
- Negative pregnancy test prior to initiating study treatment for females of childbearing potential.
You CAN'T join if...
- Patients receiving the following medications within 3 days of Study Day 1 and/or are planned to receive throughout the duration of the study period: opioid antagonist, mixed antagonist, a strong CYP3A4 and/or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor, a moderate CYP3A4 and/or P-gp inhibitor, and/or a strong CYP3A4 inducer.
- Concurrent total parenteral nutrition and/or use of metoclopramide.
- Patients at high risk for bowel perforation.
- Constipation that was not primarily caused by opioids in the investigator's medical opinion.
- A condition that may have affected the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (e.g., known brain metastases, meningeal metastases, brain injury, multiple sclerosis, recent brain injury, uncontrolled epilepsy)
- Patient has clinically active diverticular disease.
- Past medical history of irritable bowel syndrome, signs of active gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, acute surgical abdomen, bowel stents, indwelling peritoneal catheter, mechanical GI obstruction, fecal impaction, or fecal ostomy.
- Patient has motility/neurologic disorders including autonomic failure (spinal cord lesions, tumor invasion of nerves) and/or poorly controlled endocrine/metabolic disorders (hypercalcemia, hypokalemia, diabetes, hypothyroidism), as determined by the investigator.
- Uncontrolled cancer pain despite analgesic therapy
- UCSD Moores Cancer Center
accepting new patients
La Jolla California 92093 United States
Lead Scientist at UCSD
- accepting new patients
- Start Date
- Completion Date
- University of California, San Diego
- Phase 2
- Study Type
- Last Updated
Please contact me about this study
We will not share your information with anyone other than the team in charge of this study. Submitting your contact information does not obligate you to participate in research.
The study team should get back to you in a few business days.