Recent studies in animal models have suggested a critical role for cerebrospinal fluid and Interstitial fluid flux through cerebral parenchyma for removal of byproducts of cellular metabolism and hence in maintaining the health of the brain. This effect is modulated during sleep, suggesting a potentially important mechanism for sleep to maintain both acute homeostasis and long-term cerebral health. The central goal of these studies is to develop a sensitive MRI biomarker of cerebral conformational changes during sleep. This exploratory work aims to establish the sensitivity and reproducibility of MRI as a non-invasive neuroimaging assessment of cerebral changes during natural sleep and sedation.
Recent studies in animal models have suggested a critical role for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) / Interstitial fluid (ISF) flux through cerebral parenchyma for removal of byproducts of cellular metabolism and hence in maintaining the health of the brain. It remains unknown to what extent these phenomena exist in the human brain. A key challenge in this work is to make non-invasive and reproducible measurements of the cerebral microenvironment in humans. For these studies, we have implemented a suite of MRI measurements to track physiological changes in the brain during sleep. This exploratory work aims to establish the sensitivity and reproducibility of MRI as a non-invasive neuroimaging assessment of cerebral changes during natural sleep and sedation. The long term goal of this work is to use MRI as an imaging biomarker to assess the cerebral response to normal versus disordered sleep in patients.
Our specific aims will address the following questions:
Aim 1: How sensitive are MRI metrics for determining changes in the brain during sleep?
Aim 2: How reproducible are MRI metrics during sleep and during sedation?
We will recruit 12 normal adult subjects for this study (consecutive respondees to recruitment adverts). We will make regional MRI measurements during onset, maintenance and waking from stage N2 sleep. From these we will characterize which MRI metrics are most sensitive to changes in the cerebral environment, and how these vary for different cerebral regions.
Measurements will be repeated during ~90 minutes of natural sleep, and following oral sedation with 10 mg zaleplon (Sonata).
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18-59
You CAN'T join if...
age not in range 18-59
smoking / recreational drug use
pregnant women / breast feeding
contraindication to MRI
contraindications to Zaleplon
history of cardiovascular pulmonary or cerebral disease (hypertension (diastolic >90 mmHg, systolic > 150 mmHg), unstable cerebrovascular syndromes, prior history of cardiac arrhythmias, unstable angina, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Current SSRI antidepressant medication
History of sleep disorder or currently taking sedative / stimulant medication
UC San Diegoaccepting new patients San DiegoCalifornia92093-0677United States