for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Diego, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion



The purpose of the study is to compare overall response rate (ORR) between treatment groups in participants with higher-risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) who are not eligible for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT).

Official Title

A Phase 2, Randomized, Open-label Study of Cusatuzumab in Combination With Azacitidine Compared With Azacitidine Alone in Patients With Higher-risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) and Who Are Not Candidates for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)


Cusatuzumab (also known as JNJ-74494550 and ARGX-110) is a humanized monoclonal antibody of camelid origin that binds with high affinity to human Cluster of Differentiation 70 (CD70). Azacitidine (an Hypomethylating agent [HMA]) is approved for the treatment of higher-risk MDS in the United States (US) and the European Union (EU). Both approvals are based on data showing decreased transfusion burden, delayed progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), improved quality of life, and extended survival. It is hypothesized that the addition of cusatuzumab to azacitidine will result in an improvement in overall response rate (ORR) compared with azacitidine alone in participants with higher-risk MDS or CMML.


Myelodysplastic Syndromes Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic Leukemia Preleukemia Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile Syndrome Azacitidine Cusatuzumab


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Diagnosis of de novo or secondary higher-risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) per World Health Organization (WHO) 2016 criteria
  • At study entry, higher-risk MDS (intermediate, high, and very high risk MDS per Revised International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS R]) OR higher-risk CMML (intermediate-2 or high risk CMML per CMML-specific Prognostic Scoring System [CPSS-Mol]). Participants with previous lower-risk MDS or CMML that has evolved to higher-risk MDS or CMML are eligible
  • At study entry, not a candidate for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2
  • Adequate liver and renal function defined as follows: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than (<) 3 * upper limit of normal (ULN); Total bilirubin less than or equal to (<=) 1.5 * ULN, unless bilirubin rise is due to Gilbert's syndrome or of non hepatic origin; and Creatinine clearance (CrCl) greater than (>) 30 milliliter per minute per 1.73 square meters (mL/min/1.73 m2) (by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula)

You CAN'T join if...

  • Received prior HSCT or any prior treatment, including hypomethylating agent (HMAs), for higher-risk MDS or CMML. Prior supportive therapies including transfusion and growth factors are acceptable
  • Received prior treatment with cusatuzumab
  • Presence of the breakpoint cluster region protein-Abelson murine leukemia (bcr-abl) rearrangement
  • Received a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study drug
  • Any active systemic infection


  • VA San Diego Healthcare System - UCSD
    San Diego California 92161 United States
  • City of Hope
    Duarte California 91010 United States


not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Phase 2
Study Type
Last Updated