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Anesthesia clinical trials at UCSD

5 in progress, 4 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Addition of Buprenorphine to Paracervical Block for Pain Control During Osmotic Dilator Insertion

    open to eligible females ages 18 years and up

    Cervical preparation with osmotic dilators is commonly used prior to dilation and evacuation (D&E) procedures to decrease the risk of complications. Women have described the pain of osmotic dilator insertion as moderate to severe yet there have been few studies aimed at addressing pain during and after osmotic dilator insertion. In addition to the discomfort during insertion, pain after osmotic dilator insertion peaks at 2 hours post-insertion with use of a lidocaine paracervical block. One randomized trial found that use of a paracervical block with 1% buffered lidocaine decreased pain with osmotic dilator insertion compared to a sham block. There are adjunct treatments to optimize analgesia with local anesthetics at a variety of anatomic locations. Buprenorphine, a partial mu-opioid receptor agonist, has been found to increase the quality of the anesthetic at the time of administration and increase the duration of nerve block analgesia at several anatomic sites, though has never been studied as an adjunct in a paracervical block. This has been used extensively in orthopedic surgery with significant prolongation of the local anesthetic effect by almost threefold in some studies. Primary Aim: To compare the mean pain score at the time of osmotic dilator insertion among women randomized to a 1% lidocaine and buprenorphine paracervical block compared to a 1% lidocaine paracervical block alone. Secondary Aim: To compare the mean pain score 2 hours after osmotic dilator insertion among women randomized to a lidocaine and buprenorphine paracervical block compared to a lidocaine paracervical block alone. The investigators hypothesize that in patients undergoing osmotic dilator insertion in preparation for dilation and evacuation, the addition of buprenorphine 0.15mg to a 1% lidocaine paracervical block will be associated with lower mean pain scores at time of osmotic dilator insertion compared to women who receive a 1% lidocaine paracervical block alone.

    San Diego, California

  • Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Blocks for Rib Fractures

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Rib fractures are one of the most common injuries in trauma patients. These fractures are associated with significant pain as well as decreased ability to inspire deeply or cough to clear secretions, which together lead to complications of the lungs and breathing which leads to risks of further injury and even death. One recent study found that the ability to move air into and out of the lungs practically doubled with the administration of a single-injection Erector Spainae Plane Block (ESPB) while pain levels nearly halved. However, a single-injection nerve block lasts less than 24 hours while a perineural local anesthetic infusion (also termed a "continuous peripheral nerve block") may be administered for multiple days. This entails inserting a tiny tube through the skin and into the area around the nerves, after which more local anesthetic may be administered prolonging the numbing effects. The possibility of extending the duration of a ESPB with local anesthetic administration via a perineural catheter has not be investigated. We therefore are conducting a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled, parallel-arm study to investigate the addition of a continuous ESPB to a single-injection ESPB following traumatic rib fractures. The primary outcome of this study will be the maximum inspired volume measured by incentive spirometry on the afternoon following the nerve block procedure. We hypothesize that the maximum inspired volume will be significantly increased in the afternoon following the procedure with the addition of a continuous ESPB to a single-injection ESPB.

    San Diego, California

  • Erector Spinae Plane Block Catheters and Intrathecal Morphine for Hepatic Resection

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    To determine whether the addition of erector spinae plane (ESP) catheters to existing multimodal analgesic regimen with intrathecal morphine provides superior postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing hepatic resection compared with patients not receiving ESP catheters.

    San Diego, California

  • Optimizing Post-operative Recovery in Bariatric Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Undergoing Outpatient Surgery: A Comparison of Sugammadex and Neostigmine

    open to eligible people ages 18-80

    This study assesses the efficacy of sugammadex against neostigmine for hastening recovery from neuromuscular blockade and optimizing pulmonary function in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea presenting for outpatient surgery. Both drugs are used in anesthesiology to reverse neuromuscular blockade that is given in the setting of inducing and maintaining general anesthesia.

    La Jolla, California

  • iPACK Block With Dexamethasone For Total Knee Replacement

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Comparing the pain control outcomes for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with either: 1) adductor canal single shot injection plus placebo iPACK injection or 2) adductor canal single shot injection plus bupivacaine and dexamethasone iPACK injection. There are two surgical approaches for TKA 1) open 2) ROSA robotic assisted. Both follow the same pain management pathway. We plan to enroll patient undergoing either surgical procedure.

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