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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease clinical trials at UCSD
5 in progress, 3 open to new patients

  • Examining the Genetic Factors That May Cause Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    open to eligible people ages 45-80

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a long-term lung disease that is often caused by cigarette smoking. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether certain genetic factors predispose some smokers to develop COPD more than others.

    San Diego, California and other locations

  • Impact of Non-invasive Ventilation in Hypercapnic COPD

    open to eligible people ages 45-75

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a highly prevalent condition worldwide and is a cause of substantial morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, few therapies have been shown to improve survival. The importance of systemic effects and co-morbidities in COPD has garnered attention based on the observation that many patients with COPD die from causes other than respiratory failure, including a large proportion from cardiovascular causes. Recently, two high profile randomized trials have shown substantial improvements in morbidity and mortality with use of nocturnal non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in COPD patients with hypercapnia. Although the mechanisms by which NIV improves outcomes remain unclear, the important benefits of NIV might be cardiovascular via a number of mechanisms. In contrast to prior trials of NIV in COPD that did not show substantial benefit, a distinguishing feature of these encouraging recent NIV clinical trials was a prominent reduction of hypercapnia, which might be a maker or mediator of effective therapy. Alternatively, improvements might be best achieved by targeting a different physiological measure. Additional mechanistic data are therefore needed to inform future trials and achieve maximal benefit of NIV. Recent work in cardiovascular biomarkers has identified high-sensitivity troponin to have substantial ability to determine cardiovascular stress in a variety of conditions - even with only small changes. In COPD, a number of observational studies have shown that high-sensitivity troponin increases with worsening disease severity, and that levels increase overnight during sleep. This biomarker therefore presents a promising means to study causal pathways regarding the effect of NIV in patients with COPD. With this background, the investigator's overall goals are: 1) To determine whether the beneficial effect of non-invasive ventilation might be due to a reduction in cardiovascular stress, using established cardiovascular biomarkers, and 2) To define whether a reduction in PaCO2 (or alternative mechanism) is associated with such an effect.

    San Diego, California

  • Pathophysiology of the Upper Airway in Patients With COPD and Concomitant OSA

    open to eligible people ages 40-70

    The purpose of study is to evaluate the physiologic effects of pulmonary tissue/structural changes associated with COPD and upper airway inflammation on upper airway collapsibility. Upper airway collapsibility is closely associated with development of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a common disease characterized by repetitive collapse of upper airway during sleep, leading to hypoxemia and arousal. OSA has important neurocognitive and cardiovascular consequences, especially in patients with COPD. Participants in this research study will undergo two overnight sleep studies (PSGs), pulmonary function test, and CT scan of the upper airway and chest. The first sleep study will evaluate the sleep breathing disorder and the second sleep study will measure the upper airway collapsibility, called critical closing pressure (Pcrit). Pcrit is measured by a modified continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine which can provide a wide range of pressures between 20 and -20 cmH2O in order to modify upper airway pressure.

    San Diego, California

  • Longitudinal Follow up to Assess Biomarkers Predictive of Emphysema Progression in Patients With COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The study will include 60 healthy subjects (ex-smoker without any airflow limitation), 125 COPD GOLD (global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease) I , 125 COPD GOLD II, 125 COPD GOLD III and up to 20 patients with COPD and A1AT (Alpha1-Antitrypsin) deficiency (ZZ genotype). Soluble and imaging biomarkers will be investigated addressing different aspects of disease pathways postulated to be relevant for COPD progression.

    San Diego, California and other locations

  • Right Ventricular Hemodynamics Using Cardiac MRI in Patients COPD and OSA

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the same patient has been termed overlap syndrome, affecting 1% of the U.S. population.The investigators propose to conduct this study that aims: (1) to compare right and left ventricular hemodynamic parameters using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in overlap syndrome vs. COPD only and OSA only; (2) to compare the effects of bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP) vs. nocturnal oxygen therapy (NOT) on right ventricular (RV) hemodynamics in overlap syndrome. This study will allow us to test the hypothesis: (1) Patients with overlap syndrome have more RV dysfunction than those with COPD only or OSA only; (2) treatment of both hypoxemia and hypercapnia during sleep will improve RV hemodynamics compared with treatment of hypoxemia alone in patients with overlap syndrome.

    San Diego, California