Contraception clinical trials at UCSD
4 in progress, 2 open to new patients
open to eligible females ages 18 years and up
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are historically placed at a six-week postpartum visit for women who desire intrauterine contraception after delivery. A two-week postpartum visit could be a convenient time for women to receive contraception, including IUDs. Offering women IUDs at two-weeks postpartum may decrease the risk of undesired pregnancy and rapid repeat pregnancy. This study will compare IUD insertion at two different times after delivery: two-weeks and six-weeks postpartum. This will allow researchers to assess whether the timing of IUD placement affects whether an IUD is expelled, or pushed out of it's ideal location.
La Jolla, California and other locations
open to eligible females ages 18-45
The investigators propose to test the efficacy of the Reproductive Health Survivorship Care Plan (SCP-R), a novel survivorship care tool to meet the reproductive health needs of young breast cancer survivors (YBCS). Most YBCS undergo chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, treatments that impair ovarian function and result in significant reproductive health late effects. These late effects include symptoms of estrogen deprivation such as hot flashes, fertility concerns, limited contraception options and sexual problems. Together they have a major, negative impact on quality of life. Despite substantial research, treatment guidelines and clinical expertise on these issues, most YBCS and their healthcare providers have limited guidance on how best to manage these reproductive health late effects. The research team has generated a practical, accessible, evidence-based reproductive health survivorship care plan (the SCP-R) for YBCS and their providers to address this deficit in survivorship care. This clinical trial will test if YBCS who receive the web-based SCP-R are more likely than controls to improve on at least one of these reproductive health issues: hot flashes, sexual health, fertility concerns, and contraception.
La Jolla, California
Sorry, not yet accepting patients
Globally, 41% of all pregnancies are unintended, increasing risk for maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Most unintended pregnancies occur in the context of contraceptive non-use or failure. Women with husbands who are not supportive of contraception are more likely to report contraceptive non-use, and women with sexually abusive husbands are more likely to report contraceptive failure. This highlights the need for family planning (FP) interventions that engage both women and men, focus on eliminating marital sexual violence (MSV) and promote use of effective contraceptives including long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). Rural India, with some of the lowest rates of contraception and highest rates of marital violence globally, offers an important context to test such interventions, with global implications. Prior research from this team documents promise of the original CHARM intervention, a gender equity (GE) FP intervention engaging men and delivered by male health providers over 3 months. This intervention improved contraceptive use and reduced likelihood of MSV, but demonstrated no reduction in unintended pregnancy; additionally, it demonstrated high participation from men (91%) but less from couples (51%), largely due to women's discomfort with a male provider. Poor reach to women and provision of only short-acting contraceptives, more vulnerable to contraceptive failure, may have compromised an effect on unintended pregnancy outcomes. Based on these findings, CHARM2 includes CHARM sessions for men AND parallel women-focused GE+FP sessions delivered by a female provider and inclusive of broader contraceptive options, including LARC. This study seeks a) to implement CHARM2, b) to evaluate its impact on contraceptive use, unintended pregnancy, and MSV with rural couples in India, and c) to assess its potential for sustainability in rural India, using implementation science methods. To evaluate the impact of CHARM2, a 2-armed cluster randomized controlled trial will be conducted with up to N=1200 married couples from 20 geographic clusters (n=50-60 couples per cluster) in rural India. Participants will receive CHARM2 or the standard of care, which will involve community health workers offering pills/condoms and linking women to public health clinics. Outcomes will be assessed via pregnancy testing and surveys at baseline, 9 & 18-month follow-ups. Implementation science methods will assess the quality, scalability, and replicability of CHARM2 for uptake by rural health care systems (i.e., sustainability).
Evaluating Household Visits and Small Groups to Increase Contraception Use Among Married Adolescent Girls in Rural Niger
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
This study entails a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods (i.e., complementary quantitative and qualitative) outcome evaluation to assess the efficacy of the Reaching Married Adolescents (RMA) Interventions developed and implemented by Pathfinder International to increase contraception use and contraception use intentions among married adolescent girls ages 13-19 in three rural districts of the Dosso region of Niger. Intervention models (gender-synchronized household visits and small groups) will be tested using a randomized 4-arm outcome evaluation design; Arm 1 will receive household visits, Arm 2 will receive small groups; Arm 3 will receive household visits plus small groups, and Arm 4 will serve as the control group and will not receive any intervention. The quantitative component will consist of collecting quantitative baseline and 16-months follow-up survey data from randomly selected married adolescent girls (n=1200) and their husbands (n=1200) who are participating in each Arm of the study. Qualitative elements will include ethnography at two time points and semi-structured in-depth interviews half way through intervention implementation. A costing and cost effectiveness analysis will also be conducted to evaluate which intervention provides the largest gain in the primary outcomes for each dollar spent.
San Diego, California and other locations