Sleep clinical trials at UCSD
5 in progress, 3 open to eligible people
A Dyadic Sleep Health Approach for Persons With Alzheimer's Disease and Caregivers
open to eligible people ages 18 years and up
This is a randomized controlled trial over 5 years, using Stage II of the NIH-defined stage model for behavioral intervention development. We will evaluate the efficacy of the sleep intervention program (Care2Sleep) on sleep, health status measures, and quality of life (for dyads), and inflammation (for caregivers only). Eligible participants will be randomly assigned to in-person Care2Sleep, telehealth Care2Sleep, or to an in-person education control group. The Care2Sleep programs and the control education program will consist of five sessions. The intervention and control programs will begin after baseline assessment and randomization. Posttreatment assessments will be performed immediately after the last session and at 6-month follow-up.
La Jolla, California and other locations
Do Endotypes Predict Response and Sequelae in OSA Patients
open to eligible people ages 21-65
This study will investigate why some people have Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and how the underlying cause may relate to OSA manifestations (including sleepiness and high blood pressure) and response to different therapeutic approaches (ie CPAP, eszopiclone, and supplemental oxygen). Understanding why someone has OSA could affect how best to treat that individual, but may also have an impact on what problems the disease might cause.
La Jolla, California
Prospective Randomized Trial of CPAP for SDB in Patients Who Use Opioids
open to eligible people ages 18 years and up
Patients with chronic pain who use opioids appear to be at increased risk for breathing issues during sleep, termed sleep disordered breathing (SDB). Treatment of SDB often consists of use of a device during sleep that provides continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) via a mask interface. The goal of this study is to determine whether patients with chronic pain who use opioids and have SDB might benefit from the use of CPAP in terms of sleep quality, pain, quality of life, and other measures. In addition, the study will examine whether these individuals are able to adhere to CPAP, which will be important for future studies. Lastly, we anticipate that CPAP won't work for everyone due to the changes that opioids can cause in breathing patterns. We will examine how often CPAP is ineffective, and whether we can predict which individuals are least likely to resolve their SDB with CPAP.
San Diego, California
The Cardiovascular Consequences of Sleep Apnea Plus COPD (Overlap Syndrome)
Sorry, not yet accepting patients
Aim 1: The Investigators will perform a cross-sectional study to examine vascular risk in individuals with OVS compared with matched individuals with OSA alone or COPD alone. The PI will examine a panel of biomarkers including cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (right ventricular mass primary outcome), flow mediated vasodilation, plasma biomarkers (BNP, troponin, hsCRP, ST2, galectin3, miR-210). This aim will allow the team to test the hypothesis that individuals with OVS have increased vascular risk compared with matched individuals with OSA alone or COPD alone. This aim will also allow the team to compare the magnitude of the effect of OSA vs. COPD vs OVS for design of subsequent basic and clinical studies. Aim 2: The Investigators will perform an interventional study in individuals with OVS to compare the impact of bi-level therapy with that of oxygen therapy (the current standard of care). The team will assess the same panel of biomarkers as in Aim 1 to determine the impact of treatment on the observed abnormalities. This aim will allow the team to test the hypothesis that bi-level therapy is superior to oxygen in the treatment of individuals with OVS from the standpoint of right ventricular mass and other cardiovascular risk parameters/outcomes. Our assessments of biomarkers will help to define potential causal pathways for our findings and will allow determination of appropriate biomarkers for subsequent multicenter studies.
Women's Health Initiative Strong and Healthy Study
Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients
The WHISH trial applies state-of-the science behavioral principles and currently available technologies to deliver a physical activity intervention without face-to-face contact to ~25,000 older U.S. women expected to consent. It includes the National Institute of Aging (NIA) Go4Life® Exercise & Physical Activity materials 3 and WHISH developed targeted materials based on Go4Life® to provide inspirational tips and recommendations about how to achieve nationally recommended levels of PA and overcome barriers to exercise, with a means for self-monitoring and setting personal goals. The intervention builds upon evidence-based behavioral science principles and intervention components that have proven to be effective in increasing PA in older women, with innovative adaptive approaches to tailoring the delivery to meet individual (personal) needs.
Our lead scientists for Sleep research studies include Atul Malhotra Jeremy Orr, MD Andrea Z LaCroix, PhD.