for people ages 18-80 (full criteria)
at San Diego, California
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
Richard Gallo
Photo of Richard Gallo
Richard Gallo



Unlike healthy control skin, the skin of patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is frequently colonized by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), putting these patients at increased risk of S. aureus skin infections. In addition, research in the investigator's lab has shown that these patients have fewer protective antimicrobial Staphylococcal species such as Staphylococcal epidermidis (S. epidermidis) known to produce antimicrobial peptides that play a role in protecting the skin from invading pathogens. In this study, the investigator will attempt to decrease S. aureus colonization and increase colonization by protective Staph species. First the investigator will culture the bacteria on subjects' lesional AD skin. The investigator will selectively grow the subject's antimicrobial Staph colonies and place them into a base moisturizer. The moisturizer plus bacteria will be applied to both of the subject's arms. Prior to applying this, though, one arm will first be pre-treated with an antimicrobial regiment of Dial liquid antibacterial soap and alcohol. We will then compare the abundance of antimicrobial Staph species on each subject's arms 24 hours later to determine whether the pre-treatment regimen increased survival of the transplanted antimicrobial Staph species. The investigator expects that the arm pre-treated with the antimicrobial regimen will have more antimicrobial Staph species at this time point.

Official Title

Phase 1 Study of Whether Host Preconditioning Modifies Short-term Transplant Survival


Atopic Dermatitis Eczema Autologous microbiome transplant Bacteria transplant Treatment for atopic dermatitis Dermatitis, Atopic Dermatitis Anti-Bacterial Agents Pre-Treatment with Dial liquid antibacterial soap


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-80

  • Male or female subjects who are not pregnant or lactating
  • 18-80 years of age
  • Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis for at least 6 months using the Hanifin and Rajka Diagnostic Criteria for atopic dermatitis
  • Presence of lesional atopic dermatitis skin in both antecubital fossae
  • Positive S. aureus colonization based on results of a skin culture taken from one of their AD-affected antecubital fossae during the screening visit

You CAN'T join if...

  • Use of any topical AD treatments (including topical steroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors) to either arm within one week of either screening visit
  • Use of any oral/systemic AD therapies (antihistamines, steroids) within 28 days of either screening visit
  • Severe AD that would worsen significantly from holding a participant's usual topical/oral AD medications for the time periods required in the inclusion/exclusion criteria (one week prior to the screening visits and during the study for topical medications and 28 days prior to screening visits and during the study for oral medications)
  • Subjects who have taken a bleach bath within a week prior to screening, or who take bleach baths during the study
  • Patients with severe medical condition(s) that in the view of the investigator prohibits participation in the study
  • Subjects with Netherton's syndrome or other genodermatoses that result in a defective epidermal barrier
  • Any subject who is immunocompromised (e.g. provides researchers with a history lymphoma, HIV/AIDS, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome) or has a history of malignant disease (with the exception of non-melanomatous skin cancer). This information will be gathered verbally from the patient while taking a medical history from the patient, and will not involve further testing such as an HIV test.
  • Subjects with a history of psychiatric disease or history of alcohol or drug abuse that would interfere with the ability to comply with the study protocol
  • Active bacterial, viral or fungal skin infections
  • Any noticeable breaks or cracks in the skin on either arm, including severely excoriated skin or skin with open or weeping wounds suggestive of an active infection or increased susceptibility to infection.
  • Ongoing participation in another investigational trial
  • Use of any oral or topical antibiotic for up to four weeks prior to screening
  • Use of any systemic immunosuppressive therapy (e.g. cyclosporine, methotrexate, etc.) within four weeks of screening.
  • Sensitivity to or difficulty tolerating Dove fragrance-free bar soap, Dial antibacterial liquid soap, Cetaphil lotion, or alcohol-based cleaners


  • UCSD Division of Dermatology
    San Diego California 92122 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Richard Gallo
    Professor, Dermatology. Authored (or co-authored) 402 research publications.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Phase 1
Study Type
Last Updated