for people ages 1 month to 17 years (full criteria)
at San Diego, California
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Adriana H Tremoulet, MD
Headshot of Adriana H Tremoulet
Adriana H Tremoulet



Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in the developed world. Despite available treatment, 25% of children in San Diego County appropriately treated for KD develop coronary artery abnormalities that may lead to complications later in life, including heart attack. Although the investigators can identify children with KD that have these coronary artery abnormalities, there is no approved additional treatment to decrease coronary artery inflammation and arrest or prevent damage to the coronary arteries. Anakinra, a therapy that blocks the high levels of interleukin 1 (IL1) that lead to inflammation during acute KD, has been shown in the KD mouse model to prevent the development of coronary artery damage. Therefore, the investigators propose to study the safety and activity of anakinra in infants and children < 2 years old with coronary artery abnormalities from KD.


Kawasaki Disease, Anakinra, IL-1, Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome, Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein


You can join if…

Open to people ages 1 month to 17 years

  1. Infant or child aged 1 month to 17 years, who meets clinical criteria for KD according to American Heart Association guidelines (Table 2): Fever (T≥38oC or 100.4oC) ≥ 3 days and ≥ 2 clinical criteria with left anterior descending (LAD)/right coronary artery (RCA) Z score ≥ 3.0 or an aneurysm (≥ 1.5 x the adjacent segment) of one of the coronary artery segments
  2. Patient presents within the first 20 days after fever onset
  3. Parent or legal guardian able and willing to provide informed consent; adolescent or child assent as appropriate
  4. Post-menarchal females: Negative pregnancy test at screening and willing to use two forms of contraception during the study
  5. Males engaging in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy willing to use a condom.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Use of an IL-1 antagonist within the 3 months prior to enrollment
  2. History of chronic disease, except asthma, atopic dermatitis, autism or controlled seizure disorder
  3. History of hypersensitivity to anakinra
  4. History of tuberculosis (TB) or TB exposure


  • Rady Children's Hospital San Diego
    San Diego California 92191 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Adriana H Tremoulet, MD
    Dr. Adriana (Adri) Tremoulet is Professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Host-Microbe Systems and Therapeutics in the Department of Pediatrics at UC San Diego, specializing in pediatric infectious diseases and clinical pharmacology.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Phase 1/2 Kawasaki Disease Research Study
Study Type
Expecting 10 study participants
Last Updated