Summary

for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

The investigators will use cardiac MRI to measure the myocardial perfusion reserve and amount of myocardial edema and fibrosis in heart-transplant patients with nonspecific allograft dysfunction in contrast to those with normal graft function. The investigators hypothesize that patients with nonspecific allograft dysfunction will demonstrate decreased myocardial perfusion reserve, related to microvascular allograft vasculopathy, compared to those with normal graft function.

Official Title

Stress Cardiac MRI for Evaluation of Nonspecific Allograft Dysfunction

Details

Adult heart-transplant patients, excluding those with a GFR less than 30 mL/min/1.73m2, contraindications to MRI and allergies to either regadenoson or gadolinium contrast, will be enrolled over 10 months. Patients will be recruited from UCSD. The investigators will specifically enroll patients with nonspecific allograft dysfunction and patients with normal graft function.

Brief protocol:

Cardiac MRI is performed. Cine images in standard views are obtained. T2 mapping sequences are performed on short axis images. For stress imaging, intravenous regadenoson is given as a 0.4 mg bolus followed by a 5 mL saline flush. After 30 seconds, short-axis images are acquired for 30 consecutive heartbeats with administration of gadolinium. Rest imaging is performed 30 minutes after stress imaging. Lastly, late gadolinium enhancement images are obtained in standard views. Images are analyzed offline by a blinded independent reader. Patients will be followed for one month after enrollment for MACE.

Keywords

Heart Transplant Failure and Rejection heart transplant, acute graft rejection, chronic graft rejection Regadenoson Nonspecific allograft dysfunction

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years old.
  • At least three months status post heart transplantation.
  • Heart-transplant patients with normal graft function (left ventricular ejection fraction equal to or greater than 55%) and no prior history of clinically significant acute rejection episodes that required modification of the immunosuppressive regimen or cardiac allograft vasculopathy.
  • Heart-transplant patients with nonspecific allograft dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction equal to or less than 50% AND decrease from post-transplant baseline ejection fraction by an absolute difference of 10% or greater, no formal diagnosis of allograft vasculopathy by coronary angiogram or coronary vascular ultrasonography, and no history of prior acute rejection episodes known to have decreased left ventricular ejection fraction to or less than 50%).

You CAN'T join if...

  • Biopsy proven acute rejection episode in the past 3 months.
  • Patients with symptoms or signs of acute myocardial ischemia or recent acute coronary syndrome in the past 3 months.
  • Uncontrolled obstructive ventilatory disease including asthma and COPD.
  • Second or third degree AV nodal block.
  • Sinus node dysfunction.
  • Contraindications to MRI including pacemakers or implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.
  • Renal dysfunction with an estimated GFR less than 30 mL/min/1.73m2.
  • Prior adverse reaction to either regadenoson or gadolinium contrast. Prior adverse reaction to adenosine will be assessed on a case-by-case basis.
  • Any invasive procedure, including endomyocardial biopsy and left coronary angiogram,performed within one week.
  • Systolic blood pressure greater than 180 or less than 85 mmHg.
  • Diastolic blood pressure greater than 120 or less than 40 mmHg.
  • Resting heart rate greater than 120 or less than 45 beats per minute.
  • Severe claustrophobia.

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Paul Kim
ID
NCT03102125
Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated
May 5, 2018