for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Diego, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
Mahmoud Malas, MD
Photo of Mahmoud Malas
Mahmoud Malas



Bovine Early Access, Compatibility, and Hemostasis (BEACH) Trial Study is to evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Early Access in Patients Who Require an Arteriovenous Conduit for Hemodialysis using the Artegraft® Collagen Vascular Graft™. The objective of the BEACH Trial is to demonstrate that early access of Artegraft is associated with acceptable rates of successful early access, and acceptable rates of a composite of adverse events, to support a modification of existing device labeling stating that Artegraft is capable of cannulation within 72 hours post implantation.

Official Title

Bovine Early Access, Compatibility and Hemostasis Post-Market Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Early Access in Patients Who Require an Arteriovenous Conduit for Hemodialysis Using the Artegraft® Collagen Vascular Graft™


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major health problem that affects approximately 26 million Americans. Many of those suffering CKD will progress to develop end stage renal disease (ESRD) and require lifelong hemodialysis (HD) to filter wastes from their blood. There are nearly 2.5 million patients who receive HD worldwide, and this population is growing at a rate of 8% per year. This projects that the worldwide HD population to reach approximately 3.4 million by the year 2020. There are over 600,000 patients on HD in the US and an estimated 100,000 new cases are reported annually. The interventions required to maintain a person on HD carry a significant financial burden, with costs estimated to be as high as $30 billion annually. Given the increasing epidemic of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, the burden of ESRD will continue to grow, making new interventions that can improve the social, physical, and financial realities of treating ESRD essential.

A critical factor in the survival of renal dialysis patients is the surgical creation of vascular access. Despite the fistula-first initiative, many patients will start hemodialysis using a central venous catheter (CVC). This increases the risks of associated bloodstream infections, central venous stenosis, and poorer outcomes from subsequent vascular cannulations.

Arteriovenous grafts have advantages compared with central venous catheters for dialysis and guidelines suggest their use as second choice after arteriovenous fistulas. The suggested advantages of grafts over fistulas is the ability to cannulate or access the graft earlier, traditionally 2 weeks for AVG rather than 6 weeks for AVF, and the lower rates of primary failure.

Standard practice with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts has been to avoid cannulation for 2 weeks following placement, but new generation grafts have been marketed for their early cannulation properties allowing use as an alternative to central venous catheters for prompt access.

The proposed BEACH Trial is a multi-center, prospective clinical trial to evaluate early access of an existing, FDA-approved bovine carotid vascular graft, approved as a general peripheral vascular graft and for hemodialysis. The BEACH Trial is seeking to demonstrate that early access, defined as within 72 hours post implantation, of the Artegraft device results in acceptable clinical outcomes including ability to support dialysis needs thereby obviating the requirement for interim catheter placement or facilitating the removal of an existing catheter with acceptable composite major adverse clinical events (MACE) rate up to 26 weeks (6 months) post implant.

Few vascular products approved in the 1970s have a broad level of acceptance in today's competitive market. Review of the original NDA application for Artegraft as well as the scientific literature revealed no clinical rationale for a waiting period of 14 days (for most access grafts) and 10 days (for Artegraft) before cannulation. The current literature does not seem to support the current guidelines as there is no evidence to suggest that a delay in cannulation of PTFE grafts will improve graft survival and patency.Note also that Artegraft cannot identify any scientific justification in the original NDA for the warning that was placed in the IFU to support the 10-day waiting period before cannulation.

Further, if it is assumed that dialysis is conducted 3 times per week, by allowing cannulation to the Artegraft device in the 72-hour period, only 6 to 10 additional needle punctures are added during the first 10-day period depending on whether cannulation is initiated within 72 hours, respectively. Artegraft believes that this limited number of additional early needle punctures will not significantly affect the safety or efficacy of the graft or the cannulation procedure.


Renal Insufficiency,Chronic Renal Insufficiency Renal Insufficiency, Chronic Artegraft® Collagen Vascular Graft™ (Artegraft) Early Access


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

Patients are eligible to be included in the study only if they meet the following criteria:

  1. Male or Female, 18 years or older
  2. Diagnosis of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and require vascular access for hemodialysis
  3. Native [autogenous tissue] AV fistula creation or access is not indicated or non-viable [disadvantaged veins]
  4. Requiring repair of an existing fistula or conduit, but only if using Artegraft as an interposition placement and the Artegraft is cannulated [not the fistula]. Artegraft must be place in a fresh subcutaneous tunnel. Thigh loop grafts will not be used.
  5. Able to accommodate vascular graft placement in the upper extremity (i.e., forearm, or upper arm)
  6. Capable of giving signed informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF)
  7. Able and willing to comply with the study protocol
  8. Agrees to initiate and maintain hemodialysis treatments
  9. Life expectancy is > 1 year based on physician assessment

You CAN'T join if...

Patients are excluded from the trial if any of the following criteria apply:

  1. High grade central venous stenosis/occlusion
  2. Breast-feeding, pregnant or planning pregnancy within next 12 months.
  3. Non-resolved infected existing grafts
  4. Documented sepsis/bacteremia by blood culture within 4 weeks of implantation.
  5. History of non-controlled immunodeficiency syndrome, including AIDS/HIV; Active clinically significant immune-mediated disease, not controlled by low-dose maintenance immunosuppression. The diagnosis of HIV alone, provided adequately treated, is not a contraindication for enrolment.
  6. Severe liver dysfunction and/or coagulation or bleeding disorders.
  7. Elevated platelet count > 1 million cells/mm3
  8. History of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia syndrome (HIT)
  9. Documented hypercoagulable state
  10. . Currently participating in another investigational drug or device study which may clinically interfere with any endpoints of this trial
  11. . Known hypersensitivity or contraindication to device materials or procedural medications that cannot be adequately managed medically
  12. . History or evidence of severe cardiac disease (NYHA Functional Class III or IV), , myocardial infarction within 6 months of enrollment, ventricular tachyarrhythmias requiring continuing treatment, or unstable angina, uncontrolled CHF
  13. . History or evidence of severe peripheral arterial disease in the extremity selected for implant (i.e. arterial inflow insufficient to support hemodialysis)
  14. . History of cancer with active disease or treatment within the previous year, except for non-invasive basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  15. . Bleeding diathesis, other than that associated with ESRD
  16. . Scheduled renal transplant within 6 months
  17. . Patients who require chronic anticoagulation except for antiplatelet therapy. Patients currently receiving or who have received within the last month direct thrombin inhibitors, factor Xa inhibitors, or vitamin K antagonists should not be included in the study.


  • University of California
    San Diego California 92093 United States
  • City Hospital at White Rock
    Dallas Texas 75218 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Mahmoud Malas, MD
    Professor of Surgery, Surgery. Authored (or co-authored) 205 research publications.


currently not accepting new patients, but might later
Start Date
Completion Date
Artegraft, Inc.
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated