This is a two-part (Phase 2/Phase 3) study of MK-5475, an inhaled soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator, in participants with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
The first part (Phase 2) will assess three different doses of MK-5475 compared to placebo in a base period of 12 weeks, followed by comparison of three different doses of MK-5475 during an optional 24 month extension period. The treatment dose with the best efficacy and safety profile in the phase 2 cohort base period will be selected for use in the second part (Phase 3) of the study. The primary hypothesis of Phase 2 is that at least one MK-5475 dose is superior to placebo in reducing pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) from baseline at week 12.
The purpose of the second part (Phase 3) of the study is to confirm the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of MK-5475 at the selected dose compared to placebo during a 12 week base period followed by an extension period of up to 5 years. The primary hypothesis of Phase 3 is that MK-5475 is superior to placebo in increasing 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) from baseline at week 12.
A Phase 2/3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled, Adaptive Design Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of MK-5475 in Adults With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Evidence or history of left heart disease, including any of the following:
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45%
Moderate or severe left-sided valvular disease (aortic or mitral valve stenosis or regurgitation)
Significant left ventricular diastolic dysfunction on echocardiographic evaluation
Presence of 3 or more of the following risk factors for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: BMI>30 kg/m², essential systemic hypertension, diabetes mellitus of any type, or coronary artery disease.
History of cancer, except: nonmelanomatous skin carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or other malignancies which have been successfully treated, with appropriate follow up, and unlikely to recur for the duration of the study.
University of California San Diego Health-Pulmonary Critical Care ( Site 0061)accepting new patients La Jolla California 92037-7381 United States
UCSF Helen Diller Medical Center at Parnassus Heights ( Site 0063)accepting new patients San Francisco California 94143 United States