Summary

Eligibility
for females ages 18-50 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Sarah Averbach, MD MAS
Photo of Sarah Averbach
Sarah Averbach

Description

Summary

This will be a pilot study among two pharmacists providing start to finish medication abortions to 10 patients utilizing a previously created toolkit. Following completion of the pilot, we will perform in-depth semi-structured interviews with the participating patients and pharmacists to understand their experiences with pharmacist provision of medication abortion. In addition, we will elicit feedback about ways to refine the toolkit to support the scale-up of pharmacist provision of medication abortion in the future.

Official Title

Pharmacist Provision of Medication Abortion Pilot

Details

We will conduct a 'proof of concept' pilot study. Participating patients will be counseled by a trained pharmacist who will provide Mifepristone 200 mg and two doses of 800 mcg of Misoprostol. Patients will be instructed to take the 800 mcg of misoprostol buccally 24-48 hours after their Mifepristone. Patients whose estimated gestational age is between 64 and 70 days will be instructed to take the additional dose of 800 mcg of misoprostol 4 hours after the first dose. Patients who estimated gestational age is 63 days or less will be instructed to take the additional dose of 800 mcg of misoprostol if they do not experience at least moderate bleeding within the first 24 hours following their first misoprostol dose. The patients will complete a brief 5-10 minute telehealth visit with a registered physician Mifepristone prescriber. The standard Mifepristone consent form will be signed at this time and the patient will then be instructed to take the Mifepristone orally. Participants will be contacted one week after receiving treatment by the providing pharmacist. If the participant history suggests concern for a continuing pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy or worrisome bleeding, they will be scheduled for in person evaluation. If the participant does not indicate any concern, they will be instructed to use the high sensitivity urine pregnancy test four weeks after taking their misoprostol. If the participant's first high sensitivity urine pregnancy test is positive but they have no symptoms concerning for ongoing pregnancy, they will be instructed to perform a second, high sensitivity urine pregnancy test in one week. If the second, high sensitivity urine pregnancy test is also positive, the patient will be evaluated in person. We will continue our study by performing in-depth semi-structured interviews with the participating patients and pharmacists to understand their experiences and elicit feedback about ways to refine the toolkit. We will follow a prepared interview guide.

Keywords

Abortion in First Trimester medication abortion, no-test medication abortion, pharmacist Pharmacist Provision of Medication Abortion

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to females ages 18-50

  • Age 18 or older
  • Pregnancy must be confirmed by either patient report of a positive urine pregnancy test, serum pregnancy test or ultrasound
  • Patient's last menstrual period (LMP) must be less than 70 days before the anticipated date of mifepristone administration
  • Patient must be certain of their LMP within 7 days and have regular menses
  • Patient has no symptoms or risk factors for ectopic pregnancy including bleeding or spotting in the week before their visit, prior ectopic pregnancy, significant pelvic pain the last week, prior permanent contraception or tubal surgery, current intrauterine device (IUD) in place or IUD in place at time of conception.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Any contraindications to medication abortion, as reported on their medical history.

These contraindicated include:

  1. Hemorrhagic bleeding disorder
  2. Current anticoagulation therapy
  3. Chronic adrenal failure
  4. Long-term systemic corticosteroid therapy
  5. Inherited porphyria

d) Allergy to misoprostol or mifepristone

  • Any patient with complex medical conditions will also be excluded from this initial pilot. These medical conditions include:
  • Poorly controlled hypertension as defined a history of systolic blood pressure >160 or diastolic blood pressure >110 or patients requiring two or more antihypertensive medication to control their blood pressure. This will be

exclusion criteria for the study but it not a standard exclusion criteria for medication abortion

  1. Poorly controlled diabetes as defined by a known history of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes with history of finger stick blood sugar >200 or HbA1c>10 in the last 6 months. This will be exclusion criteria for the study but it not a standard

exclusion criteria for medication abortion

  1. Hepatic or renal failure
  2. History of solid organ transplant
  3. 4 or more cesarean sections
  4. Allergy to NSAIDs.

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Sarah Averbach, MD MAS
    Associate Adjunct Professor, Ob/Gyn & Reproductive sciences. Authored (or co-authored) 41 research publications.

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Diego
ID
NCT04956731
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated