for people ages up to 18 years (full criteria)
at San Diego, California
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Kyung Rhee, MD
Headshot of Kyung Rhee
Kyung Rhee



Rady Children's Hospital San Diego (RCHSD), UCSD Division of Child and Community Health and the Center for Community Health, and Northgate Gonzalez (NG) Markets will collaborate to create a Produce Prescription Program (Fruit and Vegetable Prescription Program) to be implemented in the RCHSD Diabetes Clinic. We will provide families on Medi-Cal who have a child with T2DM with a fruit and vegetable prescription (FVRx) which will enhance their ability to purchase GusNIP-eligible fresh fruits and vegetables (FV). These prescriptions will be delivered in the form of an electronic voucher that can be filled at any NG Markets throughout San Diego and Riverside counties. The goal of this program is to increase the purchase and consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, decrease food insecurity, and improve metabolic outcomes for children with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).


Participants upon enrollment will be randomized into two groups, either to immediately receive nutrition incentive vouchers for 12 months (intervention group) or to receive nutrition incentive vouchers for 12 months after a 6-month delay (delayed-intervention group). To evaluate the implementation and outcomes of this program, we will collect fruit and vegetable prescription (FVRx) voucher data in addition to standardized laboratory studies, (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and liver function tests (LFTs)) and physiologic assessments (height, weight) at the child's follow-up appointments through the Diabetes Clinic. These markers will be evaluated at baseline, 6-, 12- and 18-months. Additionally, we will ask participants to complete online or phone surveys including the Dietary Screener Questionnaire (DSQ) for youth and parents and the 18-item US Household Food Security Survey Module every 6 months.


Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Fruit and Vegetable Prescription Voucher


You can join if…

Open to people ages up to 18 years

  • Age < 18 years old
  • Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Hemoglobin A1c greater than or equal to 6.5
  • Receiving care at the Rady Children's Hospital Diabetes Clinic

You CAN'T join if...

  • Another immediate family member living in the same household who is already recruited into the study


  • Rady Children's Hospital San Diego accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92123 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Kyung Rhee, MD
    Dr. Kay Rhee is a Professor of Clinical Pediatrics and Vice Chair of Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion with special interest in childhood eating and weight related disorders. She believes it is important to understand and address the social, behavioral, cognitive, and biologic aspects of child growth and development in order to promote greater health and well-being.


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Study Type
Expecting 200 study participants
Last Updated