for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
at San Diego, California and other locations
study started
completion around



Despite availability of evidence-based alcohol reduction interventions (EBI), unhealthy alcohol use remains a barrier to HIV medication adherence, viral suppression and retention in HIV care and consequently HIV treatment as prevention (TASP). Guided by complementary implementation and evaluation frameworks-the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance), The investigators will conduct a Hybrid Type 3 effectiveness-implementation evaluating implementation trial testing whether practice facilitation, an evidence-based multifaceted implementation strategy increases reach, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of stepped care for unhealthy alcohol use in three Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS) HIV clinics located in Boston, San Diego, and Chapel Hill. The investigators will secondarily test whether practice facilitation is associated with decreased unhealthy alcohol use, and improved Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) adherence and viral suppression at the patient level. In practice facilitation, a practice coach will offer tools, resources, hands-on guidance, and content expertise to assist sites in offering a stepped care model of alcohol treatment to patients with unhealthy alcohol use. Stepped care will include brief intervention, cognitive behavioral therapy, and alcohol pharmacotherapy. The practice facilitation intervention will be rolled out sequentially across sites. There will be three phases at each site: pre-implementation planning, implementation with formative evaluation, and post-implementation summative evaluation. Using mixed methods, The investigators specifically propose to meet the following specific aims: (Aim 1) Tailor the practice facilitation intervention to each site using mixed methods (pre-implementation); (Aim 2a) Determine the effects of practice facilitation on implementation of stepped care (primary) and alcohol use and HIV-related outcomes (secondary) using interrupted time series analysis with synthetic controls (summative evaluation); (Aim 2b) Determine the effect of practice facilitation on reach, adoption, and maintenance of evidence-based alcohol treatment using mixed methods (formative evaluation); and (Aim 3) Describe barriers and facilitators to implementation of alcohol-related interventions at each site to describe maintenance and inform widespread sustainable implementation.

Official Title

A Hybrid Type III Implementation Trial Testing Practice Facilitation as a Strategy to Improve Alcohol Treatment Adoption and Implementation in HIV Care


Hiv, Alcohol Use, Unspecified, Alcohol Drinking, Practice Facilitation, Alcohol Stepped Care


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

Clinic Staff

- Age > 18 years old - Confirmed to be clinic staff (clinical or administrative roles). - English speaking - Cognitively able to complete required survey or interview activities.

You CAN'T join if...

Clinic Staff

- Unable to speak English Inclusion Criteria, Patients - Confirmed to be a person with HIV (PWH) receiving HIV care and participating in CNICS at one of the three clinic sites - Scoring AUDIT-C ≥3 for women or ≥4 for men, transgender women or men indicating unhealthy alcohol use. - Age ≥ 18 years old. - English speaking. - Cognitively able to participate in stepped care for unhealthy alcohol use. Exclusion Criteria, Patients - Scoring AUDIT-C <3 for women or <4 for men or <4 for transgender women or men - Age < 18 years old - Participants cognitively unable to participate in the stepped care for unhealthy alcohol use.


  • University of California, San Diego accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92103 United States
  • University of North Carolina not yet accepting patients
    Chapel Hill North Carolina 27599-7215 United States
  • Fenway Community Health not yet accepting patients
    Boston Massachusetts 02114 United States


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Johns Hopkins University
Study Type
Expecting 300 study participants
Last Updated