Universal Rare Gene Study: A Registry and Natural History Study of Retinal Dystrophies Associated With Rare Disease-Causing Genetic Variants
This is an international, multicenter study with two components:
- A standardized genetic screening and a prospective, standardized, cross-sectional clinical data collection
- Enrollment is open to all genes on the RD Rare Gene List
Natural History Study
- A prospective, standardized, longitudinal Natural History Study
- Enrollment opens gene-by-gene, based on funding and within-gene Registry enrollment The study objectives are as follows.
- Genotype Characterization
- Cross-Sectional Phenotype Characterization (within gene)
- Establish a Link to My Retina Tracker Registry (MRTR)
- Ancillary Exploratory Studies - Pooling of Genes
Natural History Study Objectives
- Natural History (within gene)
- Structure-Function Relationship (within gene)
- Risk Factors for Progression (within gene)
- Ancillary Exploratory Studies - Pooling of Genes
This study includes multiple phases.
The patient's current genetic report will be reviewed. Genetic testing will not be performed in this study. A prior conclusive genetic test will be assessed for screening analysis. Having at least one gene on the RD Rare Gene List meets one of the eligible Genetic Screening Criteria and other eligibility criteria can be evaluated based on medical history.
Genetic Screening Phase:
Genetic reports for participants enrolled into the genetic screening phase will be uploaded to study website for review and confirmation by Central Genetics Auditor (CGA) as meeting Genetic Screening Criteria.Participants confirmed as meeting those criteria will be considered enrolled into the Registry.
The flow of participants who are enrolled into the Registry depends on whether their causal gene is designated as a Natural History Study (NHS) Target Gene. If they are not Designated as NHS Target Gene, they will receive annual phone calls up to 48 months from the Registry/Screening visit or until the gene is designated as NHS Target Gene. If they are Designated as NHS Target Gene participants will be considered pending enrollment into the NHS.
The Registry will establish genetically and clinically well-characterized cohorts of patients across hundreds of genetic variants associated with retinal dystrophy (RD). Characterization of these patients will accelerate eligibility screening for the Natural History Study, provide cross-sectional data on phenotype-genotype associations, and contribute to our knowledge of pathogenicity of these rare disease-causing variants.
- Natural History Study (NHS) Phase
Participants pending enrollment will return to the clinic for the NHS Enrollment/Baseline Visit and return to the clinic for follow-up visits.
The Natural History Study will accelerate the identification and development of sensitive, reliable outcome measures for clinical trials, which will facilitate development of treatments for retinal dystrophies due to disease-causing genetic variants. The expected impact of the Natural History Study is as follows:
- Describe the natural history of retinal degeneration in patients with rare disease-causing genetic variants
- Identify sensitive structural and functional outcome
- Identify well-defined subpopulations for future clinical trials of investigative treatments for rare inherited retinal degeneration
You can join if…
Open to people ages 4 years and up
Participants must meet all the following inclusion criteria at the
Registry/Screening Visit to be eligible to enroll into the genetic screening phase: 1. Willing to participate in the study and able to communicate consent during the consent process 2. Willing and able to complete all applicable Registry/Screening Visit assessments 3. Age ≥ 4 years 4. Must have a single gene on the RD Rare Gene List which meets one of the Genetic Screening Criteria below based on a genetic report* from a clinically certified lab (or from a research lab which has been approved by the study Genetics Committee): Inheritance Pattern is Recessive and has at least 2 disease-causing variants which are homozygous or heterozygous in trans OR Inheritance Pattern is Recessive and has 2 disease-causing variants with unknown phase and meets all the following additional informatic criteria that is consistent with likely segregation in trans: 1. Investigator confirms genotype and phenotype are consistent with autosomal recessive inheritance 2. The 2 disease-causing variants have not been reported in cis in variant databases 3. No additional potentially pathogenic variants were found on the gene (and the sequencing data for the gene were sufficiently robust to detect any additional potentially pathogenic variants) 4. No potentially pathogenic variants were found in other common, likely candidate genes for the proposed condition OR Inheritance Pattern is Dominant, X-linked, or Mitochondrial and has at least 1 disease-causing variant Both eyes must meet the following criteria at the Registry/Screening Visit to enroll into the genetic screening phase: 1. Both eyes must have a clinical diagnosis of retinal dystrophy 2. Both eyes must permit good quality photographic imaging (e.g., but not limited to, clear ocular media, adequate pupil dilation, stable fixation)
You CAN'T join if...
Participants must not meet any of the following exclusion criteria at the
Registry/Screening Visit to be eligible to enroll into the genetic screening phase:
- History of more than 1 year of cumulative treatment, at any time, with an agent associated with pigmentary retinopathy including amiodarone, chloroquine, deferoxamine, hydroxychloroquine, pentosan polysulfate, tamoxifen, and deferoxamine Note: Since this is an observational study, pregnant women will not be specifically excluded from participation. However, minors that are pregnant shall be precluded from participation until they become the age of majority.
Ocular Exclusion Criteria:
If either eye has any of the following ocular exclusion criteria at the Registry/Screening
Visit, then the participant is not eligible to enroll into the genetic screening phase:
- Current vitreous hemorrhage
- Current complications of pathological myopia (for example, but not limited to, myopic maculopathy including atrophy, scar, choroidal neovascularization, schisis) that could inhibit ability to obtain good quality photographic imaging
- History of intraocular surgery (for example, but not limited to, cataract surgery, vitrectomy, penetrating keratoplasty, or LASIK) within 3 months of Registry/Screening Visit
- Current or any history of confirmed diagnosis of glaucoma (for example, but not limited to, glaucomatous VF changes or nerve changes, or history of glaucoma filtering surgery)
- Current or any history of retinal vascular occlusion or proliferative diabetic retinopathy
- History or current evidence of ocular disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may confound assessment of visual function (for example, but not limited to, tractional or rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, any vitreoretinal surgery, retinal vascular occlusion, proliferative diabetic retinopathy)
The following medications and treatments are prohibited as they can affect progression of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). The participant must not have received the following treatments:
Any use of ocular stem cell or gene therapy Any treatment with ocriplasmin Treatment with Ozurdex (dexamethasone), Iluvien, or Yutiq (fluocinolone acetonide) intravitreal implant
- The following medications and treatments are excluded within the specified timeframe:
Treatment with an ophthalmic oligonucleotide within the last 9 months (last treatment date is less than 9 months prior to Registry/Screening Visit date)
Treatment with any other product within five times the expected half-life of the product (time from last treatment date to Registry/Screening Visit date is at least 5 times the half-life of the given product)
- Univ. of California San Diego, Jacobs Retina Center
not yet accepting patients
La Jolla California 92093 United States
- Associated Retina Consultants
not yet accepting patients
Phoenix Arizona 85020 United States
- accepting new patients at some sites,
but this study is not currently recruiting here
- Start Date
- Completion Date
- Jaeb Center for Health Research
- Foundation Fighting Blindness Public Website Uni-Rare Rare Gene List
- Study Type
- Expecting 1500 study participants
- Last Updated