for people ages 18-65 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Jeremy Pettus, MD
Headshot of Jeremy Pettus
Jeremy Pettus



Single-center, double-blind, random-sequence study assessing the HDV dose-response relationship to Endogenous Glucose Production (EGP), Free Fatty Acids (FFA) and Glucose Disposal Rate (GDR) during a euglycemic clamp procedure following overnight stabilization of blood glucose with intravenous insulin (and, if needed intravenous glucose). EGP and GDR will be determined using established radioisotope methodology. The concentration of Hepatic Directed Vesicles (HDV) in the insulin lispro (LIS) infused during the clamp procedure will be varied such that the percentage of HDV-bound LIS will range from 0%, 1%, 10%, and 100%. Each participant will thus undergo four clamp procedures at the four different HDV levels. LIS will be infused at a constant dose (6 mU/m2/min) for each of the four procedures.


Type 1 Diabetes, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin Lispro, HDV-Insulin Lispro, HDV-bound Lispro 0%, HDV-bound Lispro 1%, HDV-bound Lispro 10%, HDV-bound Lispro 100%


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-65

  1. Male or female of age 18 to 65 years, inclusive, who:
  2. Has at Screening been diagnosed as T1D for at least 12 months; preference will be given to potential participants who currently use continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy;
  3. Has at Screening C-peptide ≤0.8 ng/mL (single retest allowed);
  4. Has at Screening a BMI ≥18.0 kg/m2 and ≤33.0 kg/m2;
  5. Has at Screening HbA1c ≥6.5% and ≤8.5 %.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Has known or suspected allergy to any component of any of the study drugs in this trial;
  2. Is, at Screening, pregnant or breast-feeding, or intends to become pregnant at any time during the duration of the study;
  3. Has, at Screening, as judged by the Site Investigator, a history or current evidence of any of advance complications of diabetes;
  4. Is, at Screening, judged by the Site Investigator to have a current addiction to alcohol or substances of abuse;
  5. Is, at Screening, using one or more drugs that may interfere with the interpretation of trial results or are known to cause clinically relevant interference with insulin action, glucose utilization, or recovery from hypoglycemia (e.g., beta blockers, systemic corticosteroids at pharmacologic doses, cancer chemotherapies);
  6. Has, within one (1) month prior to Screening, used either oral anti-diabetic medication or noninsulin anti-diabetic injection therapies (e.g. SGLT-2 inhibitors, pramlintide, GLP-1 agonists, etc.);
  7. Has, within one (1) month prior to Screening, received any investigational drug;
  8. Has, within three (3) months prior to Screening, smoked tobacco or used any smokeless tobacco or nicotine delivery system (inhaled, oral or buccal);
  9. Has at Screening, as judged by the Site Investigator, any condition (intrinsic or extrinsic) that could reasonably be expected to interfere with trial participation, confound evaluation of the data, or pose additional risk to adhering to the study protocol. Examples of such conditions include but are not limited to:
    • Clinically significant active disease of the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, neurological, renal, genitourinary, or hematological systems;
    • History of such an illness or disease;
    • Diminished mental capacity, psychological or behavioral dysfunction, unwilling or resistant to protocol requirements, language barriers.

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Jeremy Pettus, MD
    Associate Professor, Medicine, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 69 research publications


not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Phase 1 research study
Study Type
Expecting 18 study participants
Last Updated