Summary

for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Diego, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of allogeneic adult mesenchymal bone marrow cells administered intravenously to patients with ischemic stroke.

Official Title

A Phase I/II, Multi-Center, Open-Label Study to Assess the Safety, Tolerability, and Preliminary Efficacy of a Single Intravenous Dose of Allogeneic Mesenchymal Bone Marrow Cells to Subjects With Ischemic Stroke

Details

Stroke remains a major global healthcare problem. Recent data compiled by the American Heart Association (AHA) for 2008 show that the annual incidence of new or recurrent stroke in the United States is about 780,000, with approximately 600,000 of these strokes being first attacks. Among adults age 20 and older, the estimated prevalence of stroke in 2005 was 5.8 million in the United States, resulting in >150,000 deaths annually, with 4.8 million stroke survivors alive today. Stroke ranks as the country's third leading cause of death, behind only cancer and heart disease. The only approved treatments of acute ischemic stroke involve restoring blood flow to the affected region by using thrombolytics or mechanical devices that physically remove clots. However, the use of thrombolytics is limited due to the therapeutic window of < 3-6 hours post onset of stroke symptoms such that only a small fraction of stroke patients receive this therapy. Following the completion of a stroke, there is little therapy to offer patients to promote recovery other than physical, occupational, and speech therapy.

Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells have been used in a number of clinical trials for different indications demonstrated the safety of allogeneic mesenchymal stem cell treatment. In addition to their ability to differentiate into multiple different cell types that would be contributory to the recovery and repair of the brain by replacing destroyed cells, mesenchymal stem cells also secrete angiogenins, cytokines and trophic factors that can support and stimulate multiple other cell types. The cascade of cellular events following the release of these cytokines and trophic factors would also potentially lead to beneficial effects by restoring blood supply, by rescuing cells at risk, and by stimulating the remaining cell populations to repair and propagate new cells and synaptic connections.

Keywords

Ischemic Stroke allogeneic adult stem cells stroke ischemic Ischemia Cerebral Infarction Allogeneic adult mesenchymal bone marrow stem cells Stem cells

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Clinical diagnosis of ischemic stroke for longer than 6 months
  • Brain CT/MRI scan at initial diagnosis and at enrollment consistent with ischemic stroke
  • No substantial improvement in neurologic or functional deficits for the 2 months prior to enrollment
  • NIHSS score between 6-20
  • Life expectancy greater than 12 months
  • Prior to treatment patient received standard medical care for the secondary prevention of ischemic stroke
  • Adequate organ function as defined by the following criteria:

You CAN'T join if...

  • History of uncontrolled seizure disorder
  • History of cancer within the past 5 years.
  • History of cerebral neoplasm
  • Positive for hepatitis B, C or HIV
  • Myocardial infarction withing six months of study entry
  • Findings on baseline CT suggestive of subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhage within past 12 months.
  • Allergies to Bovine or Porcine products

Locations

  • University of California San Diego Division of Neurological Surgery
    San Diego California 92123 United States
  • University of California Irvine Department of Neurology
    Orange California 92868 United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Stemedica Cell Technologies, Inc.
ID
NCT01297413
Phase
Phase 1/2
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated