Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Location
at San Diego, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
Ravindra L Mehta
Photo of Ravindra L Mehta
Ravindra L Mehta

Description

Summary

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has created a significant strain on health care resources across the world for managing critically ill patients. Emerging reports from China, South Korea and Italy have reported varying incidence of acute kidney (AKI) ranging from 5-15% with a mortality of 60-80% however there is no systematic assessment of the risk factors, recognition, course and outcomes in patients with and without kidney disease whose course is complicated by AKI1-4. Patients with underlying CKD, immunosuppressed patients with renal transplants and ESKD patients are at high risk for COVID-19 infection and there is limited information on the effect of COVID-19 on the course and outcomes of these patients. The requirement for renal support including IHD, CRRT and sorbent based therapies has been variable and has contributed to the intense pressure on the nephrology and critical care providers for delivering these therapies. As the COVID-19 pandemic expands in the USA and abroad, there is an intense need to understand the epidemiology of the disease and the resources needed for renal support to inform clinical management and public health interventions. In this study, the investigators aim to investigate health care facilities across the world (hospital wards, ICU, outpatient clinics, nursing homes, healthcare centers) to draw a global picture of incidence, risk factors, resources available for treatment and prognosis of acute and chronic kidney disease in patient with COVID 19 confirmed infection. The aim is to identify trends in patients with acute and chronic kidney disease, determine its incidence, treatment and outcomes in different settings across the world. This information will be used to develop and implement educational tools and resources to prevent deaths from AKI and progression of CKD in this and following pandemics.

Details

Acute and Chronic kidney diseases are important causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. The associated socioeconomic burden of kidney disease and AKI, as in some cases recovery is incomplete and chronic kidney disease (CKD) can arise, is a growing problem around the world. During the COVID 19 pandemic the incidence of AKI has been reported to be as low as 0.5% to as high as 23%. AKI was reported to develop at a median of 15 days in one study, and another study reported that most AKI developed within 7 days of admission. The data on acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with COVID-19 is mostly from patients who are hospitalized, and in some studies limited to critically ill patients in the ICU. In ICU patients the requirement for renal support and mortality is reported to be high, however is a lack of epidemiological studies specifically designed to determine the impact of COVID 19 on kidney outcomes.

The mortality rate of patients with kidney dysfunction varies widely and is inversely related to country income and percentage of gross domestic product spent on total health expenditure. Several initiatives will be very insightful and identified important gaps in knowledge, more effort is required to understand this problem affecting all regions of the globe. In order to eventually implement resources and tools to help prevent, diagnose and treat patients with COVID 19 infection and kidney dysfunction, the investigators need to understand its incidence, risk factors, available resources and barriers to diagnosis and treatment.

This project will collect data on kidney function progression in patients infected with COVID 19 across the world. The study will open to individual physicians across the world who agreed to participate by providing de-identified clinical and lab data of patients with confirmed COVID 19 infection with acute and chronic kidney dysfunction.

Primary Objectives:

  1. Establish incidence and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in different settings worldwide during the COVID 19 pandemic.

Secondary Objectives:

  1. Compare risk factors, etiologies, diagnosis, management and outcomes of acute and chronic kidney dysfunction in COVID 19 patients in different countries
  2. Determine resources available for recognition, non-dialytic and dialytic management and follow up of patients with acute and chronic kidney dysfunction and COVID 19 infection in different settings and countries.
  3. Determine long term outcomes, 6 months and 1 year, of patients with acute and chronic kidney dysfunction and COVID 19 infection in different settings.
  4. Evaluate barriers preventing access to the standard treatments of acute and chronic kidney dysfunction and COVID 19 infection across different countries.
  5. Determine the impact of COVID 19 infection on the progression of acute and chronic kidney disease in patient with native and transplanted kidney.
  6. Evaluate the treatment strategies of patient with ESKD on hospitalized patients with COVID 19.

Keywords

Covid19 AKI CKD ESRD Transplant;Failure,Kidney dialysis renal transplant mortality renal recovery resource utilization Kidney Diseases Renal Insufficiency, Chronic Renal Insufficiency

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Patients with confirmed infection with COVID 19
  • Patients with Acute Kidney injury (AKI) or Chronic kidney disease (CKD) or need for dialysis
  • Patients receiving Chronic dialysis (hemo or peritoneal dialysis)
  • Renal transplant recipients

You CAN'T join if...

  • • Patients < 18 yrs age

Locations

  • University of California, San Diego
    San Diego California 92103 United States
  • University of Colorado
    Aurora Colorado 80045 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Ravindra L Mehta
    Recall Faculty, Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 229 research publications.

Details

Status
accepting new patients by invitation only
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Diego
ID
NCT04491227
Study Type
Observational
Last Updated