for people ages 18-70 (full criteria)
at La Jolla, California
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Pam Taub, MD
Headshot of Pam Taub
Pam Taub



The mechanisms underlying POTS are not well understood. Though heterogeneous in nature, patients often present with symptoms that include fatigue, orthostatic lightheadedness and tachycardia, "brain fog", shortness of breath, and sleep disruption. The central mediator that links observations in disease entities similar to POTS is energy use and balance driven by mitochondrial health. Mitochondrial dysfunction (i.e. respiration defects, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and structural abnormalities) are hallmarks of currently defined syndromes that resemble POTS symptomatology. Many patients with POTS have underlying immune system dysfunction, which, when treated, may improve the patient's overall health. Though autoimmunity has been demonstrated in POTS, overall immune dysregulation may be broader and include immune cell exhaustion and persistent inflammatory cytokine responses. Immune dysfunction including cellular exhaustion and persistent inflammation has been linked to mitochondrial function. Therefore, we hypothesize that a unifying feature of POTS results from latent or continued mitochondrial/immune dysfunction which then impacts multi-organ energy imbalance and immune homeostasis. Understanding and targeting mitochondria utilizing established, novel, and directed approaches including time-restricted eating (TRE) will help to unravel common etiologies and help us to better diagnose, manage, and treat POTS.


Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, Time-Restricted Eating, Intermittent fasting, POTS, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Tachycardia, Immune System Diseases, Time restricted eating


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-70

  1. Age: 18-70 years old
  2. POTS, as defined by the presence of any of the following criteria:
    • For patients age 20 or older, increase in heart rate ≥ 30 bpm within ten minutes of upright posture (tilt test or standing) from a supine position (For patients age 18-19, heart rate increase must be >40 bpm)
    • Associated with related symptoms that are worse with upright posture and that improve with recumbency
    • Chronic symptoms that have lasted for longer than six months
    • In the absence of other disorders, medications, or functional states that are known to predispose to orthostatic tachycardia
  3. Baseline eating period > 12-hour window

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Taking insulin within the last 6 months.
  2. Manifest diabetes, defined as HbA1c > 7.0% given a 0.3% margin of error in lab readings, or diagnosis of diabetes.
  3. Known inflammatory and/or rheumatologic disease.
  4. Active tobacco abuse or illicit drug use or history of treatment for alcohol abuse.
  5. Pregnant or breast-feeding women.
  6. Shift workers with variable (e.g. nocturnal) hours.
  7. Caregivers for dependents requiring frequent nocturnal care/sleep interruptions.
  8. Planned travel to a time zone with greater than a 3-hour difference during study period.
  9. History of a major adverse cardiovascular event within the past 1 year (acute coronary syndrome (ACS), percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, hospitalization for congestive heart failure, stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA)).
  10. Uncontrolled arrhythmia (i.e. rate-controlled atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter are not exclusion criteria).
  11. History of thyroid disease requiring dose titration of thyroid replacement medication(s) within the past 3 months (i.e. hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement therapy is not an exclusion).
  12. History of adrenal disease.
  13. History of malignancy undergoing active treatment, except non-melanoma skin cancer.
  14. Known history of type I diabetes.
  15. History of eating disorder.
  16. History of cirrhosis.
  17. History of stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease or requiring dialysis.
  18. History of HIV/AIDS.
  19. Currently enrolled in a weight-loss or weight-management program.
  20. On a special or prescribed diet for other reasons (e.g. Celiac disease).
  21. Currently taking any medication that is meant for, or has known effect on, appetite.
  22. Any history of surgical intervention for weight management.
  23. Uncontrolled psychiatric disorder (including history of hospitalization for psychiatric illness).
  24. A score of >16 on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS).
  25. Depression determined by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) (unless previously diagnosed and well-controlled)
  26. Failure to use the smartphone app for documentation (defined as <2 meals/day for ≥3 days during baseline).


  • Altman Clinical and Translational Research Institute
    La Jolla California 92093 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Pam Taub, MD
    Pam R. Taub, MD, FACC, FASPC is Professor of Medicine at the UC San Diego School of Medicine in the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. She is the Founding Director of the Step Family Foundation Cardiac Rehabilitation and Wellness Center. Dr. Taub was responsible for all aspects of creating the center.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Study Type
About 25 people participating
Last Updated