for people ages 18-80 (full criteria)
at La Jolla, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Zafiris Daskalakis, MD, PhD, FRCP



The investigators propose a randomized 3-arm double-blinded parallel experimental trial (20 sessions over 4 weeks) in 75 patients with TRD. The three arms include (1) the combination of a fully Individualized form of intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (iTBS) (using BOTH the frequency and electric field (E-field) targeting approaches) (Ind-iTBS)), (2) iTBS individualized using E-field targeting only (targeted-iTBS) and (3) Standard iTBS treatment (i.e., typical iTBS localized to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) using the Beam F3 method). Electroencephalography (EEG) data will be collected at rest and during a working memory task, at baseline, and at the end of treatment along with clinical assessments of depression severity. The target engagement dependent variable of interest in these three arms will be fronto-parietal theta connectivity measured through resting-state EEG. The investigators hypothesize that stimulation with Ind-iTBS will lead to greater changes in fronto-parietal theta connectivity than that produced with targeted-TBS and standard iTBS. Aim: To evaluate the effects of two individualized forms of iTBS (i.e., using BOTH the frequency and E-field individualization; Ind-iTBS) compared to iTBS individualized for E-field targeting only (targeted-iTBS) and standard iTBS on fronto-parietal theta connectivity. Hypotheses: (1) Ind-iTBS will lead to greater changes in fronto-parietal theta connectivity compared to both targeted-iTBS and standard iTBS. (2) Ind-iTBS will also lead to a greater reduction in depressive symptoms (as defined by the mean reduction in Montgomery Åsberg Depression Rating Scale Scores (MADRS)) compared to both targeted-iTBS and standard iTBS.


Major Depressive Disorder, Depressive Disorder, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) - Fully Individualized iTBS, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) - targeted-iTBS, The fully individualized form of iTBS (BOTH the frequency and E-field targeting approaches)


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-80

  • Diagnosis of major depressive episode (MDE, in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th edition (DSM-5), in the context of unipolar major depressive disorder disorder.
  • 18-80 years of age.
  • Male or female.
  • At least one failed antidepressant medication trial at level 3 in the Antidepressant

    Treatment History Form: Short Form (ATHF-SF) classification.

  • Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Score of >19 (moderate - severe depression).
  • No increase or initiation of new antidepressant therapy in the four weeks prior to screening.
  • Demonstrated capacity to give informed consent.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Inability to provide informed consent.
  • Medically unstable patients.
  • Concomitant neurological disorder or a history of a seizure disorder.
  • Patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Any psychotic disorder or current active psychotic symptoms.
  • Patients who have intracranial implants, other medical device or condition deemed unsafe for TMS.
  • Contraindication to MRI scanning.


  • University of California, San Diego accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92093 United States
  • Australian National University accepting new patients
    Canberra 2601 Australia

Lead Scientist at UCSD


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Study Type
Expecting 75 study participants
Last Updated