for people ages 21-55 (full criteria)
at San Diego, California
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Jessica Bomyea
Headshot of Jessica Bomyea
Jessica Bomyea



The proposed project aims to test the cognitive and neural effects of a cognitive training in a sample of individuals seeking treatment for anxiety, depression, or traumatic stress symptoms. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group 1 will receive a computer-based program that is designed as a cognitive training intervention and Group 2 will receive a similar computer-based exercise that researchers think will be less effective in training thinking skills (also known as a control or sham condition). Participants will be compared on cognitive performance and brain response during cognitive tasks from baseline to post-treatment.

Official Title

Enhancing Transdiagnostic Mechanisms of Cognitive Dyscontrol


Mood, anxiety, and traumatic stress disorders are common psychiatric conditions - affecting over 40 million U.S. adults - and are leading causes of disability worldwide. People with these conditions are commonly plagued by difficulty controlling distressing personal thoughts and memories, collectively referred to as repetitive negative thinking symptoms. Models suggest that repetitive negative thinking is driven by executive functioning deficits, such that cognitive resources are insufficient to downregulate unwanted thoughts. Executive functioning deficits could be a promising treatment target but are not typically addressed with existing interventions. The long-term goal advanced by this project is to develop effective, mechanistic cognitive training programs that can improve cognition and reduce symptoms associated with mood, anxiety, and traumatic stress disorders. The objectives of this proposal is to evaluate the cognitive effects of the optimized computer-based cognitive training intervention relative to a sham training program (ST). The central hypothesis is that the cognitive training intervention will enhance executive functioning and will lead to a reduction of repetitive negative thinking in mood, anxiety, and traumatic stress disorders. The project will randomize participants with depression, anxiety, and/or traumatic stress disorders to a cognitive training intervention program or a sham training program. The investigators will examine executive functioning change with cognitive task performance and functional neuroimaging assessments.


Anxiety Disorders, Depression, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Traumatic Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, COGENT


You can join if…

Open to people ages 21-55

  • age 21-55
  • fluent in English
  • diagnosis of mood, anxiety, or traumatic stress disorder
  • clinically elevated repetitive negative thinking
  • outpatient status
  • 6-week stability if taking selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications
  • willing to take a pregnancy test on the dates of the MRI scan to confirm pregnancy status.
  • own a smartphone

You CAN'T join if...

  • past year diagnosis of severe alcohol or moderate or greater substance use disorder
  • lifetime history of psychotic or bipolar I disorder
  • acute suicidality necessitating immediate clinical intervention
  • neurodegenerative or neurodevelopmental disorders
  • history of moderate or severe traumatic brain injury or other known neurological condition
  • sensory deficits that would preclude completing tasks
  • conditions unsafe for completing MRI scanning (e.g., metal in body)
  • current pregnancy
  • currently receiving psychosocial treatment
  • currently receiving psychiatric pharmacotherapy, except SSRIs


  • UC San Diego
    San Diego California 92037 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Jessica Bomyea
    Assistant Adjunct Professor, Psychiatry, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 63 research publications


not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Study Type
Expecting 128 study participants
Last Updated