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Postoperative Pain clinical trials at UCSD

6 in progress, 2 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Blocks to Treat Postoperative Pain After Open Gynecologic Procedures Via a Low Transverse (Pfannenstiel) Incision

    open to eligible females ages 18 years and up

    Open gynecologic surgery can be very painful. With the goal of minimizing the use of opioids (with undesired side effects and potential for abuse), the investigators often administer a type of peripheral nerve block in which the investigators put local anesthetic-or, numbing medicine-near the nerves that go to the surgical area which helps to numb the area and decrease pain following surgery. These blocks with a single-injection of local anesthetic are called erector spinae plane (ESP) blocks, and they are applied on each side of the body since each injection affects only that one side. However, the numbing medication typically lasts for only 16-20 hours. For other peripheral nerve blocks, this duration can be increased with the insertion of a catheter-a tiny tube smaller than a piece of spaghetti-followed by an infusion of additional local anesthetic. However, the effects of the various peripheral nerve blocks are determined by the anatomy and physiology of the specific peripheral nerve, with an infusion resulting in dramatic benefits for one nerve yet having no effect for another. The potential benefits and risks of adding a catheter and subsequent local anesthetic infusion to a single-injection ESP block remain unknown. The investigatorstherefore propose a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled, split-body clinical trial to determine the potential benefits and risks of adding the infusion to single-injection ESP blocks.

    San Diego, California

  • Treatment of Post-Operative Pain Following Orthopedic Surgery With SPRINT® Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (PNS) System

    open to eligible people ages 21 years and up

    The purpose of this study is to gather information about how knee pain changes when small amounts of electricity are delivered to the nerves in the leg. This study will involve the use of a Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (PNS) System that is made by SPR Therapeutics (the sponsor of the study). The SPRINT PNS System was cleared by the FDA for up to 60 days of use in the back and/or extremities for the management of acute and chronic pain.

    San Diego, California and other locations

  • Continuous Erector Spinae Plane Blocks to Treat Pain Following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a randomized, triple-masked, placebo-controlled parallel-arm human subjects clinical trial investigating the addition of a continuous erector spinae plane nerve block to a single-injection erector spinae plane block to provide postoperative analgesia following percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Participants will all receive a single-injection nerve block and perineural catheter insertion. Following surgery, participants will be randomly allocated to receive either perineural local anesthetic or normal saline until the second day following surgery.

    San Diego, California

  • Effectiveness of iPACK on Postoperative Pain From Hamstring Autograft Following ACL Repair

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Patients undergoing ACL repair with hamstring autograft frequently develop significant post operative pain at the hamstring grafting site. This pain is within the distribution of a commonly used regional nerve block, the Interspace between the popliteal artery and capsule of the knee (iPACK). The investigators plan to randomize consenting patients to either receiving a SHAM injection of normal saline or to an interventional group of long acting local anesthetic (Ropivacaine) injected in the popliteal fossa between the popliteal artery and capsule of the knee (iPACK). Both groups of patients will receive standard of care with respect to perioperative pain management, which includes a preoperative adductor canal nerve block and preoperative acetaminophen administration. Dual primary endpoints of postoperative pain scores and mean postoperative opioid use will be retrieved and compared between groups. Additional secondary endpoints will be PACU length of stay, PACU opioid use, POD1 opioids use, and POD1 pain scores (best, worst, average).

  • Patient-Titrated Automated Intermittent Boluses of Local Anesthetic vs. a Continuous Infusion Via a Perineural Sciatic Catheter for Postoperative Analgesia

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This will be a randomized comparison of continuous local anesthetic infusion with patient controlled boluses (PCA) to patient-titratable automated boluses with patient controlled boluses (PCA) for popliteal-sciatic perineural catheters. The overall goal is to determine the relationship between method of local anesthetic administration (continuous with PCA vs. titratable intermittent dosing with PCA) for popliteal-sciatic perineural catheters and the resulting pain control. The investigators hypothesize that, compared with a traditional fixed, continuous basal infusion initiated prior to discharge, perineural local anesthetic administered with titratable automated boluses at a lower dose and a 5-hour delay following discharge will (1) provide at least noninferior analgesia during the period that both techniques are functioning; and, (2) will result in a longer overall duration of administration [dual primary end points].

    San Diego, California

  • Pericapsular Nerve Group Block (PENG) for Hip Surgery

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This will be a randomized comparison of pericapsular nerve group (PENG) blocks with bupivacaine and a placebo control (PENG blocks with normal saline). The overall objective of the proposed research is to determine the relative risks and benefits of a single-injection PENG block to provide postoperative analgesia following hip arthroscopy. Hypothesis 1: Following hip arthroscopy, participants with a PENG block will experience less pain in the recovery room compared with current standard-of-care as measured with the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Hypothesis 2: Following hip arthroscopy, participants with a PENG block will consume less opioid in the operating and recovery rooms compared with current standard-of-care as measured in oral morphine milligram equivalents. Primary end point: In order to claim that PENG blocks are superior to placebo overall, at least one of these two hypotheses must demonstrate PENG superiority while the other cannot demonstrate inferiority.

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