Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18-80 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at La Jolla, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Doug Galasko

Description

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability, biomarker, cognitive and clinical efficacy of investigational products in participants with an Alzheimer's disease-causing mutation by determining if treatment with the study drug slows the rate of progression of cognitive/clinical impairment or improves disease-related biomarkers.

Official Title

A Phase II/III Multicenter Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Platform Trial of Potential Disease Modifying Therapies Utilizing Biomarker, Cognitive, and Clinical Endpoints in Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer's Disease

Details

This study will recruit participants from the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network (DIAN) observational study, a multicenter international study supported by the National Institutes of Health (Grant Number U01-AG032438; RJ Bateman), Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network Trial Units (DIAN-TU) sites, DIAN-TU partner sites, DIAN Expanded Registry (DIAN-EXR), and families identified by the sites. As part of the DIAN-TU-001 protocol, participants undergo longitudinal assessments that include clinical assessment, cognitive testing, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and amyloid and tau positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, and analysis of blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Participants in DIAN are recruited from families that have at least one member who has been identified as having a mutation linked to dominantly inherited Alzheimer's disease (DIAD). The mutations in presenilin 1 (PSEN1), presenilin 2 (PSEN2) and amyloid precursor protein (APP) that are associated with dominantly inherited Alzheimer's disease have very high penetrance (near 100%). This study enrolls individuals who are either known to have a disease-causing mutation or who are at risk for such a mutation (the descendant or sibling of a proband with a known mutation) and unaware of their genetic status. Because the age at onset of cognitive changes is relatively consistent within each family and with each mutation, an age at onset is determined for each affected parent or mutation as part of the DIAN Observational (DIAN-OBS) study protocol. This study will enroll participants who are either asymptomatic and are within a specific window of time of expected age at onset for their family and/or mutation or who have symptoms of mild Alzheimer's disease. The ability to identify individuals destined to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD) and predict the age of onset with a high degree of confidence provides a unique opportunity to assess the efficacy of therapies at asymptomatic and very early stages of dementia. Families with known disease-causing mutations are extremely rare and are geographically dispersed throughout the world. These constraints necessitate a specialized study design. Many of the participants in this study will not yet have any cognitive symptoms of AD; they will be "asymptomatic" carriers of mutations that cause dominantly inherited Alzheimer's disease and would be expected to perform normally on standard cognitive and functional testing. Imaging and fluid biomarkers will be used to demonstrate that the treatment compounds have engaged their therapeutic targets. A set of cognitive measures designed to assess the very earliest and most subtle cognitive changes will be collected. Additionally, because many at-risk individuals decide not to know whether they have the disease-associated mutation or not, when allowable in individual drug arms, some of the at-risk individuals enrolled in this study will not have the disease-causing mutations; they will be "mutation negative". It is important to enroll these participants to avoid coercion (e.g., potential participants may be pressured into genetic testing to learn their genetic status in order to be eligible for the trial) unless the drug-specific design includes open-label treatment. These mutation negative individuals will be assigned to the placebo group and data will be used to determine normal ranges of outcome measures. Participants and site study staff will remain blinded as to these individuals' active or placebo group assignment and mutation status. Thus, the study will be double-blinded for placebo and for mutation status, except for mutation positive participants who are aware of their genetic status. There may be exceptional circumstances when required by local regulation or health authorities where enrollment may be restricted to mutation carriers only, but such mandates will be thoroughly documented and agreed upon by the governing regulatory agency and sponsor. This is an adaptive platform-based study. Several different therapies (each referred to as a study drug arm) will be tested in order to increase the likelihood that an effective treatment will be discovered. The compounds are selected for this trial based on mechanism of action and available data on efficacy and safety profile. The study design includes a pooled placebo group (referred to as the mutation positive placebos) which may be shared by study drug arms. Mutation positive participants will be assigned to a study drug arm and subsequently randomized within that arm to the active drug to placebo ratio specified in each drug-specific appendix. When included in individual drug arms, mutation negative participants will all receive placebo treatment. Participants and study staff will not be blinded as to which study drug arm each participant has been assigned; they will be blinded as to whether participants have been randomized to active drug or placebo. Biomarker, cognitive, and/or clinical endpoints will be specified for each study drug arm. Biomarker data will be analyzed for pre-specified endpoints consistent with the drug's mechanism of action and other AD biomarker outcomes. Interim analyses of the imaging or fluid biomarker endpoint will assess safety and whether each study drug engages its biological targets. The clinical and cognitive assessments are designed to assess subtle cognitive changes that may be detectable before the onset of dementia as well as cognitive and clinical decline in symptomatic groups. After the last participant in a study drug arm completes the 4-year treatment period, participants in that study drug arm may be eligible to receive active study drug in an open-label extension period. A cognitive run-in (CRI) period was implemented to allow for enrollment during periods when study drug arms are not randomizing. This enables the DIAN-TU platform to have continuous enrollment during periods before or in-between drug arm randomization. The CRI period of cognitive, clinical, and imaging data collection was designed as part of the platform study to utilize the time in between enrollment of study drug arms. The CRI period will enhance study enrollment by identifying eligible participants and engaging them with the cognitive assessments and can reduce practice effects by allowing participants to habituate to the testing process. The CRI further provides important baseline and run-in data that adds control data to the platform and informs about the effects of tested drugs. The data collected in the CRI period will be used for analysis in the respective drug arm under which participants are randomized and treated. Solanezumab and gantenerumab double blind treatment arms: Primary Completion Date= Nov 2019 and Study Completion= March 2020 (NCT04623242) Gantenerumab open-label extension is enrolling by invitation under this master protocol. Primary Completion Date= Sept 2024 E2814 treatment arm is enrolling: Primary Completion Date= July 2027 and Study Completion= Oct 2027 (NCT05269394)

Keywords

Alzheimers Disease, Dementia, Alzheimers Disease, Familial, Alzheimer's, Alzheimer's Disease, Mutation, Genetic Mutation, Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer's Disease, Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network, Autosomal Dominant Alzheimer's Disease, Early Onset Alzheimer's Disease, DIAN, DIAN-TU, DIAN TU, DIAD, Alzheimer Disease, Monoclonal Antibodies, Gantenerumab, Solanezumab, Lecanemab, Cognitive Run-in, Gantenerumab Open Label Extension, E2814 plus lecanemab

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-80

  • Between 18-80 years of age
  • Individuals who know they have an Alzheimer's disease-causing mutation or are unaware of their genetic status and have dominantly inherited Alzheimer's disease (DIAD) mutation in their family.
  • Are within -15 to + 10 years of the predicted or actual age of cognitive symptom onset. For Cognitive Run-In (CRI): includes participants who are younger than 15 years prior to the expected age of cognitive symptom onset, in addition to those 15 years younger and no more than 10 years older than expected or actual age of cognitive symptom onset.
  • Cognitively normal or with mild cognitive impairment or mild dementia, Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 0-1 (inclusive)
  • Fluency in DIAN-TU trial approved language and evidence of adequate premorbid intellectual functioning
  • Able to undergo Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Lumbar Puncture (LP), Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and complete all study related testing and evaluations.
  • For women of childbearing potential, if partner is not sterilized, subject must agree to use effective contraceptive measures (hormonal contraception, intra-uterine device, sexual abstinence, barrier method with spermicide).
  • Adequate visual and auditory abilities to perform all aspects of the cognitive and functional assessments.
  • Has a Study Partner who in the investigator's judgment is able to provide accurate information as to the subject's cognitive and functional abilities, who agrees to provide information at the study visits which require informant input for scale completion.

You CAN'T join if...

  • History or presence of brain MRI scans indicative of any other significant abnormality
  • Alcohol or drug dependence currently or within the past 1 year
  • Presence of pacemakers, aneurysm clips, artificial heart valves, ear implants, or foreign metal objects in the eyes, skin or body which would preclude MRI scan.
  • History or presence of clinically significant cardiovascular disease, hepatic/renal disorders, infectious disease or immune disorder, or metabolic/endocrine disorders
  • Anticoagulants except low dose (≤ 325 mg) aspirin.
  • Have been exposed to a monoclonal antibody targeting beta amyloid peptide within the past six months.
  • History of cancer within the last 5 years, except basal cell carcinoma, non-squamous skin carcinoma, prostate cancer or carcinoma in situ with no significant progression over the past 2 years.
  • Positive urine or serum pregnancy test or plans or desires to become pregnant during the course of the trial.
  • Subjects unable to complete all study related testing, including implanted metal that cannot be removed for MRI scanning, required anticoagulation and pregnancy.

Locations

  • University of California San Diego Medical Center accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92037 United States
  • USC Keck School of Medicine not yet accepting patients
    Los Angeles California 90033 United States
  • Butler Hospital accepting new patients
    Providence Rhode Island 02096 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Doug Galasko
    Professor In Residence, Neurosciences, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 411 research publications

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Washington University School of Medicine
Links
Expanded registry
ID
NCT01760005
Phase
Phase 2/3 research study
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 490 study participants
Last Updated