for males ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Diego, California
study started
estimated completion
Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, MDGregory A Daniels, MD, PhD



This study is investigating the safety and efficacy of a vaccine directed against prostate tumor cells. The researchers are interested in evaluating the safety and tolerability of the vaccine, and the effects of the vaccine on survivability, time to measurable disease, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level in the blood, and the immune response to the vaccine. Eligible patients include those with recurrent prostate cancer as shown by elevated levels of PSA, although there is no evidence of tumors that are measurable by imaging studies. In addition, to be eligible patients must have prostate cancer that either has not been treated by hormonal therapy or is not responsive to hormonal therapy.

Official Title

A Phase 1A/1B, Two-Stage Study of a PSA/IL-2/GM-CSF Vaccine for the Treatment of PSA Recurrent Prostate Cancer in Hormone-Naive and Hormone-Independent Patients


In Phase 1A, hormone naive and hormone independent patients are enrolled in a 1:1 ratio. All patients receive intradermal injections of the PSA/IL-2/GM-CSF induction vaccine at Weeks 1, 2, 3, 7, 11 and 15.

In Phase 1B, which will be initiated after Phase 1A, will first receive the induction vaccine (PSA/IL-2/GM-CSF) according to the same schedule as patients in Phase 1A. Then, in eligible Phase 1B patients, following the induction vaccine regimen, alternating maintenance vaccination will be administered as follows: at Weeks 23, 31, and 39, IL-2 alone will be administered; at Weeks 27, 35, and 43, the complete vaccine (PSA/IL-2/GM-CSF) will be administered.


Prostate Cancer prostate specific antigen (PSA) Prostatic Neoplasms Interleukin-2 Vaccines Sargramostim Hormones PSA/IL-2/GM-CSF PSA/IL-2/GM-CSF vaccine


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18 years and up

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Age greater than18 years
  • Rising serum PSA levels documented by 3 values over the last 6 months prior to study enrollment. Each value must be greater than 2 weeks from the previous value.
  • Patients with rising PSA must have had either 1) prior definitive therapy including surgery or radiation therapy (hormone-naïve, defined as hormone-naïve patients and patients who received hormone therapy in the past who currently have total testosterone greater than 50 ng/dL), or 2) hormone suppressive therapy as documented by surgical castration or a serum testosterone value less than 50 ng/dL (hormone-independent). Patients must have completed these therapies for at least 6 months but no longer than 20 years prior to enrollment
  • PSA value within 4 weeks of starting therapy less than 20 ng/mL for hormone-naïve patients (defined as hormone-naïve patients and patients who received hormone therapy in the past who currently have total testosterone greater than 50 ng/dL) or less than 60 ng/mL for hormone-independent patients.
  • Patients must have the following laboratory values: ANC greater than 1500/mcL, platelet count greater than 100,000/mcL, hemoglobin greater than 10 g/dL, bilirubin less than 1.5 x upper limits of normal, AST less than 1.5 x upper limits of normal
  • Patients must have adequate lung function, as defined by oxygen saturation greater than or equal to 90% by pulse oximetry
  • Patients must have QTc interval less than 450 msec
  • Patients must have adequate EGFR greater than 30 mL/min per 1.73 m2 (per VA formula and adjusted for gender and race)
  • Patients with female partners of childbearing potential must use at least one form of Investigator-approved contraception while on-study and for 30 days after their last administration of study investigational therapy. Acceptable birth control options include: a) surgical sterilization (subject and/or subject's partner), b) approved hormonal contraceptives or therapies (such as birth control pills, Depo-Provera, or Lupron Depot), c) barrier methods (such as a condom or diaphragm) used with a spermicide, and d) an intrauterine device (IUD).

You CAN'T join if...

  • Presence of documented neuroendocrine differentiation on the original pathology report
  • Evidence of metastatic disease
  • Immune compromised patients including but not limited to: systemic immune suppressive medications within 6 weeks of enrolling; HIV-positive and below normal CD4 lymphocytes (less than 500 cells per microliter). Patients must be tested for HIV seropositivity and CD4 lymphocyte count to be eligible for the study
  • Prior malignancy. Patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or other cancers with greater than 3 years without evidence of disease recurrence are eligible
  • Inability to give informed consent
  • Any condition that, according to the investigator, would make the patient an inappropriate study candidate.
  • Patients with pulmonary disease limiting daily function or requiring oxygen supplementation
  • Patients with significant cardiac disease including heart failure that meets New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III and IV definitions, history of myocardial infarction within six months of study entry, uncontrolled dysrhythmias, or QTc greater than or equal to 450 msec
  • Patients with existing autoimmune disorders (IL-2 and GM-CSF carry a theoretical clinical risk of exacerbating underlying autoimmune disorders)


  • VA San Diego Healthcare System
    San Diego California 92161 United States

Lead Scientists

  • Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, MD
    Professor Of Clinical, Pathology. Authored (or co-authored) 82 research publications
  • Gregory A Daniels, MD, PhD
    Dr. Daniels coordinates our clinical program in melanoma. His own research involves understanding the link between autoimmunity and tumor immunity in developing more effective and less toxic vaccines and immune stimulatory approaches for patients with melanoma.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
OncBioMune Pharmaceuticals
Phase 1
Study Type
Last Updated