Integrase and Maraviroc Intensification in Neurocognitive Dysfunction (InMIND)
a study on HIV/AIDS
People infected with HIV often have cognitive dysfunction even if they are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and have undetectable viral loads. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if the addition of maraviroc (MVC) and dolutegravir (DTG) (which are two antiretroviral [ARV] medications) to participants' existing ART regimens will improve participants' neurocognitive performance.
A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial Comparing Antiretroviral Intensification With Maraviroc and Dolutegravir With No Intensification or Intensification With Dolutegravir Alone for the Treatment of Cognitive Impairment in HIV
HIV-infected people often have cognitive dysfunction (HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder, or HAND), which includes asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI), mild neurocognitive disorder (MND), and HIV-associated dementia (HAD), even if they are on ART and have undetectable viral loads. In this study, researchers will evaluate the effectiveness of adding MVC and DTG to the current ART regimen of HIV-infected people with undetectable (<50 copies/mL) plasma HIV-1 RNA who have mild to moderate neurocognitive impairment and who have been on stable ART for at least 6 months prior to study entry. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if the addition of MVC and DTG to participants' existing ART regimens will improve participants' neurocognitive performance.
Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three arms. All participants will remain on their existing ART regimens; they will take their assigned study drugs in addition to their ART regimen. Participants in Arm A will receive placebo for MVC and placebo for DTG. Participants in Arm B will receive DTG and placebo for MVC. Participants in Arm C will receive MVC and DTG. Study visits will occur at entry and Weeks 2, 4, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96. Visits may include physical examinations, blood collection, neurocognitive testing, pregnancy testing, and questionnaires. Some participants may have an optional lumbar puncture procedure. Participants will have to return for refills of study drugs on Weeks 36, 60, and 84.
HIV Infections HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder Maraviroc Dolutegravir Dolutegravir (DTG) Maraviroc (MVC)
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- HIV-1 infection, documented by:
- a licensed rapid HIV test or HIV enzyme or chemiluminescence immunoassay (E/CIA) test kit at any time prior to study entry and confirmed by a licensed Western blot or a second antibody test by a method other than the initial rapid HIV and/or E/CIA, or by HIV-1 antigen or plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load. NOTE: The term "licensed" refers to a United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved kit, which is required for all IND studies, or for sites located in countries other than the United States, a kit that has been certified or licensed by an oversight body within that country and validated internally. Non-US sites are encouraged to use US FDA-approved methods for IND studies. WHO (World Health Organization) and CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) guidelines mandate that confirmation of the initial test result must use a test that is different from the one used for the initial assessment. A reactive initial rapid test should be confirmed by either another type of rapid assay or an E/CIA that is based on a different antigen preparation and/or different test principle (eg, indirect versus competitive), or a Western blot or a plasma HIV-1 RNA. OR
- Documentation of HIV diagnosis in the medical record by a healthcare provider.
- On current ART for at least 6 months prior to study entry with no interruption in treatment of greater than or equal to 7 consecutive days. Note: The following ART changes are allowed:
- Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) to tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF)/TAF-containing fixed-dose combination regimens
- Ritonavir (RTV) to cobicistat (COBI)/COBI-containing fixed-dose combination regimens
- No plans to change ART while on study. Note: The following planned ART changes are allowed:
- TDF to TAF/TAF-containing fixed-dose combination regimens
- RTV to COBI/COBI-containing fixed-dose combination regimens
- HIV-1 plasma RNA less than 50 copies/mL obtained within 90 days prior to study entry by any FDA-approved assay at any United States laboratory that has a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certification or its equivalent, or at any network-approved non-US laboratory that operates in accordance with Good Clinical Laboratory Practices (GCLP) and participates in appropriate external quality assurance programs.
- No more than one HIV-1 plasma RNA greater than or equal to 50 and less than 200 copies/mL (only one "blip") in the past 6 months with a subsequent HIV-1 plasma RNA less than 50 copies/mL. NOTE: There should be no plasma HIV-1 RNA greater than 200 copies/mL within the 6 months prior to study entry.
- HAND diagnosis (ANI, MND, or HAD) within 60 days prior to study entry. HAND is defined as at least mild impairment on neurocognitive testing (more than one standard deviation below appropriate normative data in two domains of functioning) and no severely confounding factors.
- Screening laboratory values obtained within 60 days prior to study entry by any US laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent, or at any network-approved non-US laboratory that operates in accordance with GCLP and participates in appropriate external quality assurance programs:
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) greater than or equal to 500/mm3
- Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 7.5 g/dL
Platelet count greater than or equal to 40,000/mm3
- Creatinine less than or equal to 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Aspartate transaminase (AST) less than or equal to 5 x ULN
- Alanine transaminase (ALT) less than 3 x ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 5 x ULN
- Total bilirubin less than 1.5 x ULN. NOTE: If the potential participant is taking an indinavir (IDV)- or atazanavir (ATV)-containing regimen at the time of screening, total bilirubin less than or equal to 5 x ULN is acceptable.
- Creatinine clearance (CrCl) greater than or equal to 60 mL/min, either measured or estimated by Cockcroft-Gault equation. NOTE: A calculator for estimating the CrCl can be found at www.fstrf.org/ACTG/ccc.html
- Females of reproductive potential (women who have not been post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months, ie, who have had menses within the preceding 24 months, or women who have not undergone surgical sterilization, hysterectomy or bilateral salpingectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or tubal ligation) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test by any US clinic or laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent, or is using a point of care (POC) / CLIA-waived test, or at any network-approved non-US laboratory or clinic that operates in accordance with GCLP and participates in appropriate external quality assurance programs within 48 hours prior to study entry
- Females of reproductive potential must agree not to participate in the conception process (ie, active attempt to become pregnant, in vitro fertilization), and if participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, must use at least one reliable form of contraception. Female participants must use contraceptives while receiving study treatment and for 6 weeks after stopping study treatment. More information on this criterion is available in the protocol.
- Men and women 18 years of age and older who are able to complete the neuropsychological tests
- Ability and willingness of participant or a legally authorized representative (see protocol for more information) to provide informed consent
- Ability and willingness to take oral study medications
You CAN'T join if...
- Current or past medical condition(s) that in the opinion of the investigator prevents attribution of the cause of cognitive impairment to HIV. For example:
- Major depressive disorder with psychotic features
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) with a clear impact on activities of daily living
- Developmental delay, intellectual deficit, and/or severe educational disability resulting in some dependence for activities of daily living
- Ongoing substance use disorder with significant impact on activities of daily living. Difficult or impossible to determine whether cognitive or functional decline is due to substance use or HIV, or both
- Evidence of intoxication or withdrawal during the screening evaluation
- Central nervous system (CNS) infections or opportunistic conditions: brain abscess (bacterial, mycobacterial, fungal or Toxoplasma), meningitis with persistent neurologic impairment, primary CNS lymphoma, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), or another structural brain lesion with neurological sequelae
- Other CNS conditions: non-opportunistic primary or metastatic brain tumors, uncontrolled seizure disorder, progressive multiple sclerosis, stroke with neurological sequelae, or dementia due to causes other than HIV (eg, Alzheimer's disease)
- Constitutional illness (eg, persistent unexplained fever, diarrhea, significant weight loss, disabling weakness) within 30 days of screening
- Known untreated B12 deficiency or malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] less than 18) at screening
- Evidence of current hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) (ie, HCV antibody [Ab] positive within 90 days prior to study entry unless also shown to be plasma HCV RNA negative within the same time period)
- Unstable and advanced liver disease (as defined by the presence of at least one of the following: ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, esophageal or gastric varices, or persistent jaundice)
- Prior or current use of any CCR5 antagonist (such as MVC and cenicriviroc [CVC]) and integrase inhibitor (such as RAL, DTG, and elvitegravir [EVG])
- Current use of any medication, including antiretrovirals, prohibited in the study (refer to the A5324 protocol-specific web page [PSWP] for the prohibited medications)
- Presence of an AIDS-defining opportunistic infection within 6 months prior to entry.
Note: Refer to the A5324 Manual of Operations (MOPS) for the list of AIDS-defining opportunistic infections.
- Active syphilis or treatment for syphilis within 90 days prior to study entry. NOTE: Active syphilis is defined as four-fold increase in serum rapid plasma reagin (RPR) or venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) tests in an individual with past syphilis, or newly reactive serum RPR or VDRL with a reactive confirmatory test (enzyme immunoassays [EIA] or chemiluminescent assay [CIA], T. pallidum particle agglutination [TP-PA], or fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbed [FTA-ABS]).
- Known allergy/sensitivity or any hypersensitivity to components of study drugs or their formulation
- UCSD Antiviral Research Center CRS
San Diego California 92103 United States
- Harbor-UCLA CRS
Torrance California 90502 United States
- in progress, not accepting new patients
- Start Date
- Completion Date
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
- Phase 4
- Study Type
- Last Updated