for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at La Jolla, California
study started
estimated completion
Ithaar H Derweesh, MD



This is a single arm phase II study of axitinib in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with strong indications for partial nephrectomy (PN) for whom PN is not currently possible due to anatomic considerations and residual renal function concerns. Evaluation of tumor downsizing will be performed including changes of tumor complexity by nephrometry score. A total of 50 participants will be enrolled. It is hypothesized that pretreatment with axitinib will be safe and improve the feasibility of complex nephron sparing surgery in select patients with localized clear cell RCC and imperative indications for partial nephrectomy.

Official Title

"PADRES" (Prior Axitinib as a Determinant of Outcome of REnal Surgery)


The primary objective of the study is to prospectively assess utility of axitinib in facilitation of partial nephrectomy where partial nephrectomy was not thought to be safe/possible in the setting of imperative indication for complex renal masses in renal cell cancer.

Secondary objectives: To determine the safety, tumor diameter (per RECIST v1.1) volume change, surgical morbidity and renal functional outcomes following neoadjuvant axitinib for RCC.


  1. tumor diameter/volume change,
  2. conversion of hilar to non-hilar tumors,
  3. reduction in RENAL morphometric score.

Functional Considerations:

  1. Requirement of acute dialysis
  2. Change in Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
  3. Whether or not GFR crosses 30 threshold, or decline by GFR to >50% of baseline.

Safety indices:

  1. Incidence of Clavien >3 complications
  2. Avoidance of need for multiple blood transfusions


Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Renal Cell Carcinoma Axitinib Nephrectomy Neoadjuvant Clear Cell Renal Carcinoma Carcinoma Carcinoma, Renal Cell Axitinib Oral Tablet [Inlyta]


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Localized clear cell renal carcinoma without evidence of distant metastases
  2. Imperative indication for nephron sparing surgery
  3. Baseline chronic kidney disease (CKD) (stage 3, GFR <60 ml/min/1.73m2), or anatomically or functional solitary kidney (defined by renal scintigraphy of contralateral renal unit with <15% function) or bilateral synchronous disease); and
  4. RENAL score ≥10 or proximity to renal hilum (defined as <2 mm away from at least 2 renal hilar vessels-the main artery/vein or first order branches); and
  5. Radical nephrectomy would lead to severe CKD (stage 3b, GFR <45 ml/min/1.73m2).
  6. Male or female, age ≥ 18 years
  7. Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70.
  8. Adequate organ function as defined by:
  9. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,000/μL
  10. Platelets ≥100,000/μL
  11. Hemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL
  12. Serum calcium ≤12.0 mg/dL
  13. Serum creatinine ≤1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  14. Total serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN
  15. SGOT≤2.5 x ULN and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) ≤2.5x ULN
  16. Signed informed consent and willingness/ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Presence of metastatic disease on radiographic imaging.
  2. Elective indication for nephron sparing surgery
  3. Non-clear cell histology
  4. Prior systemic treatment of any kind or radiotherapy for RCC
  5. NCI CTCAE Version 5.0 grade 3 hemorrhage within 4 weeks of starting the study treatment
  6. Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE Version 5.0 grade ≥2. Controlled atrial fibrillation is permitted. Prolonged corrected QT interval by the Fridericia correction formula (QTcF) on screening EKG >480 msec.
  7. Pregnancy or breastfeeding. Female subjects must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal,or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of therapy. All female subjects with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum) prior to enrollment. Male subjects must be surgically sterile or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of therapy. The definition of effective contraception will be based on the judgment of the principal investigator or a designated associate.
  8. Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study.
  9. Uncontrolled hypertension (HTN): systolic blood pressure ≥150 or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mmHg or both despite appropriate therapy.
  10. . HTN with need for greater than three anti-hypertensive agents at baseline. Drug formulations containing two or more anti-hypertensive agents will be counted based on the number of active agents in each formulation.
  11. . New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or greater congestive heart failure (CHF)
  12. . Uncontrolled hyper- or hypothyroidism.
  13. . Subjects with arterial thrombotic events in the prior 12 months (axitinib has never been studied in this population)
  14. . Subjects who have had venous thrombotic events in the prior 6 months (axitinib has never been studied in this population)


  • UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92093 United States

Lead Scientist

  • Ithaar H Derweesh, MD
    Dr. Derweesh has built an academic practice in urologic oncology and kidney surgery, specializing in laparoscopic surgery and kidney-preserving treatment for kidney cancer (laparoscopic and open partial nephrectomy, cyroablation). His research interests include kidney ischemia and reconstruction, as well as the development of new techniques and technologies for minimally invasive surgery.


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Phase 2
Study Type
Last Updated