for people ages 50-85 (full criteria)
at La Jolla, California
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Fiza Singh



Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been identified as an early phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disorder expected to affect 13.9 million Americans by 2060. AD causes a progressive cognitive decline, including problems related to learning and memory, that adversely affects life quality. Treatment intervention at the MCI stage of the disease could potentially slow down the rate at which people may convert from MCI to AD. Increasing evidence suggests that abnormal activity in frontal regions of the brain is associated with cognitive deficits observed in AD. Furthermore, previous research has shown that neurofeedback (NFB) training targeting these regions can improve memory, making it a potential treatment for AD. NFB is a technique where an individual learns to change his/her brain function in a particular direction, once that function has been made accessible through a visual or auditory metaphor. We are proposing a novel, computer-based brain-training program to enhance frontal gamma oscillatory activity in individuals with MCI. Results from this study will build the scientific foundation necessary for larger clinical trials dedicated to improving treatment options and outcomes for patients with MCI.

Official Title

Enhancing Gamma Band Response in Mild Cognitive Impairment to Improve Working Memory


This is a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial to test the efficacy of gamma-neurofeedback (G-NFB) compared to a placebo (P-NFB) in individuals with MCI. 112 consented participants will be randomized to receive G-NFB (n=56) or placebo-NFB (n=56) during 30-45 minute sessions twice per week for 12 weeks (24 total sessions). Memory and other cognitive domains will be measured using paper and pencil and computerized tests every 4 weeks during the study and at 4 weeks post completion of study.


Mild Cognitive Impairment, neurofeedback, Cognitive Dysfunction


You can join if…

Open to people ages 50-85

  1. Meet criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
  2. Living independently.
  3. Literate in English.
  4. Competent to participate in the informed consent process and provide voluntary informed consent.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Frontal temporal dementia
  2. Active alcohol or substance use disorder within the past year.
  3. Brain cancer
  4. Stroke within the last 2 years
  5. Anti-epileptic medication
  6. Prior head injury involving loss of consciousness
  7. Seizure disorder
  8. Use of medications likely to affect cognitive function (cf. donepezil, memantine). We will not exclude for other medications but will examine their effects and include medications as covariates as appropriate (e.g., presence v. absence; anticholinergic load).
  9. The potential benefits of the study do not outweigh the potential risks of the study, as determined by the PI.


  • University of California at San Diego accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92093 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Fiza Singh
    Associate Professor Of Clinical, Psychiatry, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 14 research publications


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Diego
Study Type
Expecting 112 study participants
Last Updated