Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18-80 (full criteria)
Location
at La Jolla, California
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Siddharth Singh, MD
Photo of Siddharth Singh
Siddharth Singh

Description

Summary

Approximately 20-40% of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are obese. The investigators have demonstrated that obesity adversely impacts disease course in patients with UC, leading to higher risk of persistently active disease, surgery, hospitalization, and treatment failure, particularly in biologic-treated patients. Intentional weight loss is effective in improving disease outcomes in patients with inflammatory arthritis, but there is limited data on its impact in UC. While dietary interventions for weight loss have limited efficacy and endoscopic bariatric interventions may be too invasive in patients with UC with active gastrointestinal symptoms, pharmacological weight loss with a highly effective oral agent may be a novel strategy to induce weight loss and augment the efficacy of biologic therapy in UC. Hence, the investigators are conducting a pilot, phase 2A, 22-week, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of phentermine-topiramate in obese patients with active UC starting on a new biologic agent (infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, vedolizumab). The overall objective is to (1) evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of phentermine-topiramate, and (2) to assess the impact of pharmacological weight loss on clinical outcomes, inflammatory burden and biologic trough concentration in patients with UC. The central hypothesis is that phentermine-topiramate will be safe, effective, and well tolerated in patients with UC, and weight loss would achieve higher rates of clinical and biochemical remission, and higher biologic trough concentration.

Official Title

Pharmacologic Weight Loss as Adjunct Therapy for Ulcerative Colitis in Obese Patients: A Phase 2A, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial

Keywords

Colitis, Ulcerative Obesity Colitis Weight Loss Ulcer Topiramate Phentermine Phentermine-Topiramate

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-80

  • adults aged 18-80y
  • BMI ≥30kg/m2

  • established diagnosis of UC based on clinical and endoscopy evidence corroborated by histopathology report
  • active UC (Mayo Clinic score [MCS], 6-12; or active disease based on rectal bleeding score [RBS]=2 or 3 and stool frequency score=2 or 3) or dependent on corticosteroids (unable to taper below 10mg prednisone equivalent, or flaring within 2 months of stopping prednisone)
  • starting a new biologic agent (TNFα antagonists, vedolizumab, ustekinumab) or flaring despite stable maintenance dose of biologic agent
  • stable weight (<5kg weight change) for preceding 4 weeks prior to screening and randomization
  • able to speak or understand English and provide written informed consent.

You CAN'T join if...

  • pregnant or lactating women
  • prisoners
  • current or history of toxic megacolon, abdominal abscess, symptomatic intestinal or colonic stricture, history of colectomy or diverting stoma, short bowel syndrome, active tuberculosis or other bacterial infections, cancer
  • any unstable or uncontrolled cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, hematological, coagulation, immunological, endocrine/metabolic, or other medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, would confound the study results or compromise patient safety
  • clinically meaningful laboratory abnormalities, including significant anemia (Hb<8g/dl), leukopenia (<3x109/L), thrombocytopenia (<100K) or thrombocytosis (>600K), ALT/AST >3x upper limit of normal, creatinine >2x upper limit of normal

  • blood pressure >140/95mmHg (ok to include if BP controlled on anti-hypertensives), fasting blood glucose >240mg/dl or HbA1c >9%, fasting triglycerides >400mg/dl at randomization, type 1 diabetes, coronary artery disease, stroke, or other symptomatic peripheral arterial disease
  • history of nephrolithiasis (H/O kidney stone >1 time, and kidney stone within 1y prior to start of study), hyperthyroidism, seizure disorder
  • recurrent major depression, presence or history of suicidal behavior or ideation with intent to act, current substantial depressive symptoms (patient health questionnaire-9, ≥10), use of antidepressant medication that has not been stable for the prior 3 months (bupropion-treated patients will be excluded)
  • history of (or treatment for) glaucoma or increased intraocular pressure
  • prior bariatric surgery; >5 kg weight fluctuation in preceding 4 weeks, use of very-low-calorie diet, or participation in a formal weight loss program in the 3 months prior to the study
  • smoking cessation within previous 3 months or plans to quit during the study period
  • history of eating disorder or drug/alcohol abuse within the preceding 1 year concomitant use of other sympathomimetic medications, for example for ADHD
  • known allergy to study medication

Location

  • University of California San Diego accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92037 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Siddharth Singh, MD
    Assistant Professor Of Clinical, Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 15 research publications.

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Diego
ID
NCT04721873
Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated