Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18-45 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at San Diego, California
Dates
study start
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Guido Frank, MD
Headshot of Guido Frank
Guido Frank

Description

Summary

Anorexia nervosa (AN) and atypical AN (AAN) are severe psychiatric illnesses associated with high disease burden including high treatment costs and excessive mortality rates. Primary characteristics of AN and AAN are food restriction, associated fear of weight gain, and a disturbance in how one's body weight or shape is experienced.The underlying neural mechanisms for the core illness behaviors of food restriction and body size overestimation in anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa are not well understood.

This project will use neurofeedback and advanced psychophysical methods to assess and moderate the neural and behavioral responses to stress and relate those results to the naturalistic environment. The results will guide the development of novel interventions.

Official Title

Neural Mechanisms of Negative Affect and Neurofeedback in Anorexia Nervosa

Details

The overall strategy is a cross-sectional study, involving 3 subject groups, each subject studied on two study days (one negative and one neutral affect day, randomized), one week apart; on both study days subjects will undergo functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during which they complete tasks for 1) neurofeedback-reward learning and 2) body size estimation. Before and after each scan, and in the week between scans, subjects will be assessed for positive and negative affect and how it affects food intake.

Keywords

Anorexia Nervosa, Atypical Anorexia Nervosa, Anorexia, Negative Affect Task, Behavioral

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-45

Healthy Controls (HC)

  • Individuals aged 18-45 years
  • Healthy body weight between 90 and 110 % average body weight since puberty.
  • Regular monthly menstrual cycle (if applicable)
  • Edinburgh Handedness Inventory Revised (EHI-R) LQ* score > +200
  • All ethnic backgrounds
  • English is primary language spoken

Anorexia Nervosa (AN)

  • Age 18-45 years old
  • Edinburgh Handedness Inventory Revised (EHI-R) LQ* score > +200
  • All ethnic backgrounds
  • Current diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, including being underweight, will have a severe fear of weight gain, body image distortion and absence of the menstrual cycle over three consecutive months.
  • English is primary language spoken

Atypical Anorexia Nervosa (AAN)

  • Age 18-45 years old
  • Edinburgh Handedness Inventory Revised (EHI-R) LQ* score > +200
  • All ethnic backgrounds
  • Meets the criteria for anorexia nervosa except despite significant weight loss, the individual's weight is within or above the normal range
  • English is primary language spoken

You CAN'T join if...

Healthy Controls (HC)

  • Current pregnancy or breast feeding within last 3 months
  • First degree relative with current or past eating disorder
  • Psychiatric Medication use such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), atypical antipsychotics, etc.
  • Past or present Axis I psychiatric disorder including substance or alcohol use disorder as determined through structured clinical interview
  • History of significant head trauma
  • Indication of intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorder
  • Major Medical illness that requires medication or have significant impact on subject's life such as: diabetes, Alzheimer's disease or dementia, stroke, learning disability, mobility disorders, cancer, high blood pressure, etc. (to be determined through biological screening form and interview with principal investigator (PI)
  • Recent history of suspected substance abuse or a lifetime history of psychostimulant abuse and/or dependence
  • Contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including metal implants or braces (as determined through fMRI screening form)

Anorexia Nervosa (AN)

  • Pregnancy or breast feeding within last 3 months
  • Lifetime history of bipolar I disorder or psychosis
  • Current substance abuse or dependence in the past 3 months
  • Psychotic illness/other organic brain syndromes, dementia, somatization disorders or conversion disorders
  • Physical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus, pregnancy) known to influence eating or weight
  • History of significant head trauma
  • Indication of intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorder
  • Electrolyte, blood count or kidney or liver function abnormalities
  • Contraindications to MRI including metal implants or braces (as determined through fMRI screening form)

Atypical Anorexia Nervosa (AAN)

  • Pregnancy or breast feeding within last 3 months
  • Lifetime history of bipolar disorder or psychosis
  • Current substance abuse or dependence in the past 3 months
  • Psychotic illness/other organic brain syndromes, dementia, somatization disorders or conversion disorders
  • Physical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus, pregnancy) known to influence eating or weight
  • History of significant head trauma
  • Indication of intellectual disability or autism spectrum disorder
  • Electrolyte, blood count or kidney or liver function abnormalities
  • Contraindications to MRI including metal implants or braces (as determined through fMRI screening form)

Location

  • University of California San Diego accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92121 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Guido Frank, MD
    Professor In Residence, Psychiatry, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 111 research publications. Research interests: Eating Disorders · Anorexia Nervosa · Bulimia Nervosa · Binge Eating Disorder · ARFID · Brain Imaging · Neuroscience · Treatment · Psychopharmacology · Psychotherapy

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Diego
ID
NCT05834816
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
Expecting 300 study participants
Last Updated