Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Location
at La Jolla, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Joseph A. Califano
Photo of Joseph A. Califano
Joseph A. Califano

Description

Summary

This phase III trials studies whether maintenance immunotherapy (nivolumab) following definitive treatment with radiation and chemotherapy (cisplatin) result in significant improvement in overall survival (time being alive) and progression-free survival (time being alive without cancer) for patients with intermediate risk human papillomavirus (HPV) positive oropharynx cancer (throat cancer) that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cisplatin work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy and radiation therapy followed by maintenance nivolumab therapy works better than chemotherapy and radiation therapy alone in treating patients with HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer.

Official Title

A Phase III Randomized Study of Maintenance Nivolumab Versus Observation in Patients With Locally Advanced, Intermediate Risk HPV Positive OPSCC

Details

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: I. To assess the efficacy of concurrent definitive therapy followed by nivolumab compared with concurrent definitive therapy followed by observation in terms of overall survival (OS). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To further assess the efficacy of nivolumab compared with observation in terms of: Ia. To evaluate treatment effect within the subset of patients tested as PD-L1+ . Ib. To evaluate the prognostic effect of baseline saliva and/or plasma HPV status . Ic. To evaluate the prognostic effect of mutation burden among patients on the nivolumab arm. Id. To evaluate the association of 12-week post therapy fludeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) positron emission tomography(PET)/computed tomography (CT) OS and progression free survival (PFS). Ie. To establish the prognostic value of standardized uptake value (SUV) max of primary tumor or neck nodal metastasis of baseline FDG PET/CT for OS (and/or PFS). If. To correlate SUV max of primary tumor or nodal metastasis of baseline FDG PET/CT with PD-L1 expression (positive versus [vs.] negative). Ig. To compare the PET based therapy response assessment (Hopkins criteria) to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 assessment at 12 week post chemoradiation therapy, for patients who have a PET/CT scan at 12 weeks. II. To assess the efficacy of concurrent definitive therapy followed by nivolumab in terms of progression free survival (PFS). OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to Arm A or Arm B. Patients in Arm B may cross-over to Arm C with clearly documented disease progression. ARM A: Patients receive cisplatin intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes weekly and intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) 5 days a week for 7 weeks for a total of 35 fractions. Within 4 weeks after completion of concurrent therapy, patients receive nivolumab IV once weekly over 30 minutes every 4 weeks for 12 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. ARM B: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 60 minutes weekly and IMRT 5 days a week for 7 weeks for a total of 35 fractions, and then go on observation. Patients will be offered the option to cross-over to Arm C if they have clearly documented progression within 12 months from the end of cisplatin/radiation therapy. ARM C: Patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks for 12 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3-6 months for 3 years and then annually for a total of 10 years.

Keywords

Clinical Stage II HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage III HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage II HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8 Pathologic Stage III HPV-Mediated (p16-Positive) Oropharyngeal Carcinoma AJCC v8 Carcinoma Oropharyngeal Neoplasms Cisplatin Nivolumab Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Patient Observation

Eligibility

For people ages 18 years and up

Inclusion Criteria:

  • STEP 1: Age >= 18 years
  • STEP 1: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  • STEP 1: Patients must have oropharynx cancer (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 8) that is p16-positive by immunohistochemistry with the following criteria: >= 10 pack-years, stage T1-2N2-N3 or T3-4N0-3 (less than 10 pack-years is considered a non-smoker) OR < 10 pack-years, stage T4N0-N3 or T1-3N2-3.
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have known hypersensitivity to nivolumab or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition.
  • STEP 1: Patients with a history of allergic reactions attributed to platinum-based chemotherapy agents are excluded.
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have had prior systemic therapy, radiation treatment or surgery for p16 positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC).
  • NOTE: Patients who had resection of T1 or T2 carcinoma with no radiation or chemotherapy are eligible if surgery was done 5 years prior to enrollment
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have received previous irradiation for head and neck tumor, skull base, or brain tumors.
  • STEP 1: Patients must not receive investigational agents within 4 weeks of enrollment or at any time while on study.
  • STEP 1: Patients with evidence of distant metastases or leptomeningeal disease (LMD) are excluded.
  • STEP 1: Patients with uncontrolled inter-current illnesses which in the opinion of the investigator will interfere with the ability to undergo therapy including chemotherapy are excluded.
  • STEP 1: Patients with a history of prior or second malignancy are excluded, with the exception of curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer, or curatively treated cervical cancer; additionally, patients curatively treated for malignancy who remain disease-free at > 2 years of follow up, are not excluded.
  • STEP 1: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).

  • STEP 1: Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 8.0 g/dL (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).

  • STEP 1: Creatinine clearance of >= 60 ml/min (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization). Creatinine clearance may be measured or calculated. If calculating, creatinine clearance, use the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • STEP 1: Total bilirubin within 1.5 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) or serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) within 2.0 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Alkaline phosphatase within 2.0 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to randomization).
  • STEP 1: Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding as chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy may have possible teratogenicity effects; in addition, complications from pregnancy may interfere with the ability of patients to have an uninterrupted therapy. All patients of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy. A patient of childbearing potential is any female, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • STEP 1: Patients of childbearing potential must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or abstain from sexual intercourse for at least one week prior to the start of treatment, and continue for 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. Patients must also not donate ova during this same time period.
  • STEP 1: Patients must have measurable disease as defined.
  • STEP 1: Patients must have tumor measurements with CT of neck and CT of chest (or CT of neck and FDG PET/CT if standard of care) within 4 weeks prior to Step 1 randomization.
  • STEP 1: Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded. These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue disease, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease. Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible.
  • STEP 1: Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event).
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications which are expected to continue during nivolumab administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • STEP 1: Patients must not have a positive test result for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) indicating acute or chronic infection
  • STEP 1: Patients with a known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) must have no detectable viral load on a stable antiviral regimen
  • STEP 1: Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • STEP 1: Patient must not have a baseline clinically significant hearing loss, which in the opinion of the investigator would preclude the use of cisplatin
  • STEP 2: Patients must have progression per RECIST criteria AND tissue-proven progression on Arm B treatment within 12 months after completion of radiation therapy.
  • STEP 2: ECOG performance status of 0 or 1.
  • STEP 2: Patients must not have known hypersensitivity to nivolumab or compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition.
  • STEP 2: Patients must not have received non-protocol anti-cancer therapy after completion of radiation and chemotherapy.
  • STEP 2: ANC >= 1500/mm3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).

  • STEP 2: Hgb >= 8.0 g/dL (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Platelet count >= 100,000/mm3 (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).

  • STEP 2: Creatinine clearance of >= 60 ml/min (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration). Creatinine clearance may be measured or calculated. If calculating, creatinine clearance, use the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • STEP 2: Total bilirubin within 1.5 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: SGOT (AST) or SGPT (ALT) within 2.0 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Alkaline phosphatase within 1.5 times the normal limits (must be obtained =< 2 weeks prior to registration).
  • STEP 2: Patients must not be pregnant or breast-feeding as chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy may have possible teratogenicity effects; in addition, complications from pregnancy may interfere with the ability of patients to have an uninterrupted therapy. All women of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. A women of childbearing potential is any female, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • STEP 2: Patients of childbearing potential must use an accepted and effective method of contraception or abstain from sexual intercourse for at least one week prior to the start of treatment, and continue for 5 months after the last dose of protocol treatment. Patients must also not donate ova during this same time period.
  • STEP 2: Patients must have measurable disease.
  • STEP 2: Patients must have tumor measurements with CT of neck and CT of chest (or CT of neck and FDG PET/CT if standard of care) within 4 weeks prior to Step 2 registration.

Locations

  • UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92093 United States
  • Naval Medical Center -San Diego in progress, not accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92134 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Joseph A. Califano
    Physician in Chief - Moores Cancer Center, Surgery. Authored (or co-authored) 381 research publications.

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ID
NCT03811015
Phase
Phase 2/3
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated