This study aims to evaluate two ways to help people re-engage with healthcare. The first is to assess if providing HIV treatment on the first visit (or within 1 week) can help people re-engage with care and ultimately stay in care after 24 and 48 weeks. It will also assess the success of starting treatment immediately by measuring the HIV virus in people's bloodstream after 24 and 48 weeks.
The second part of this study is to assess a new behavioral treatment called 60-Minutes-for-Health which aims to help people identify and overcome barriers to HIV care, to help with motivation maintaining in care, to help cope with negative feelings about HIV, and to help increase self-reliance in seeking healthcare amid other things that are happening in your life.
Instacare: A Prospective Study of Clinical Outcomes Following Rapid ART Initiation Among Persons With HIV and Out of Care
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to cause significant illness and death in the USA despite availability of effective treatment. People who are aware of their HIV status, but who are out of care and not on medications, are therefore at risk of developing HIV related health problems. In addition, people with HIV who are out of care are at greater risk of transmitting HIV compared to people on HIV treatment with suppressed levels of virus in plasma. To date, there are no interventions that have been shown to successfully link this "out of care" population back into care and successfully maintain viral suppression.
This study will test a strategy of providing immediate HIV therapy drugs, linkage to care, and a randomized intervention (60-minutes for health or diet and nutrition session). The goal of the study is to demonstrate that the 60-Minutes-for-Health intervention improves the rate of viral suppression at 24 weeks.
The use of rapid antiretroviral therapy (rapid ART), defined as the initiation of ART within 7 days of HIV diagnosis, has been associated with improved rates of linkage to care, retention in care and virological suppression after 1 year among persons newly diagnoses with HIV. In addition, the behavioral intervention, "60-Minutes-for-Health", was shown in a pilot study to improve retention in care among PWH-OOC. We aim to undertake a study to evaluate the feasibility of providing rapid-ART to people who are aware of their HIV status, but have been out of care at the time they re-engage in care. In addition, study participants will be randomized to either the "60-Minutes-for-Health" intervention or a 60 minute diet and nutrition control session.