for people ages 18-64 (full criteria)
at San Diego, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion



The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intranasal esketamine 84 milligram (mg) compared with intranasal placebo in addition to comprehensive standard of care in reducing the symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), including suicidal ideation, in participants who are assessed to be at imminent risk for suicide, as measured by the change from baseline on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score at 24 hours post first dose.

Official Title

A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Intranasal Esketamine in Addition to Comprehensive Standard of Care for the Rapid Reduction of the Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder, Including Suicidal Ideation, in Adult Subjects Assessed to be at Imminent Risk for Suicide


If you or a loved one are having thoughts of suicide, please seek immediate medical help. Go to the emergency room or call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255.


Depressive Disorder, MajorDiseaseDepressive DisorderDepressionSuicideSuicidal IdeationAntidepressive AgentsEsketamineStandard of Care


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18-64

  • Participant must meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD), without psychotic features, based upon clinical assessment and confirmed by the Mini International Psychiatric Interview (MINI)
  • Participants must have current suicidal ideation with intent, confirmed by a "Yes" response to Question B3 [Think (even momentarily) about harming or of hurting or of injuring yourself: with at least some intent or awareness that you might die as a result; or think about suicide (ie, about killing yourself)?] AND Question B10 [Intend to act on thoughts of killing yourself?] obtained from the MINI
  • In the physician's opinion, acute psychiatric hospitalization is clinically warranted due to participant's imminent risk of suicide
  • Participant has a Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score of greater than (>) 28 predose on Day 1
  • As part of standard of care treatment, participant agrees to be hospitalized voluntarily for a recommended period of 14 days after randomization (may be shorter or longer if clinically warranted in the investigator's opinion) and take prescribed non-investigational antidepressant therapy(ies) for at least the duration of the double-blind treatment phase (Day 25)

You CAN'T join if...

  • Participant has a current DSM-5 diagnosis of bipolar (or related disorders), antisocial personality disorder, or obsessive compulsive disorder
  • Participant currently meets DSM-5 criteria for borderline personality disorder. Note: Participant not meeting full DSM-5 criteria for borderline personality disorder but exhibiting recurrent suicidal gestures, threats, or self-mutilating behaviors should also be excluded
  • Participant has a current clinical diagnosis of autism, dementia, or intellectual disability
  • Participant has a current or prior DSM-5 diagnosis of a psychotic disorder, or MDD with psychotic features
  • Participant meets the DSM-5 severity criteria for moderate or severe substance or alcohol use disorder, (except for nicotine or caffeine), within the 12 months before Screening. A history (lifetime) of ketamine, phencyclidine (PCP), lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), or 3, 4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA) hallucinogen-related use disorder is exclusionary
  • Participant has a history or current signs and symptoms of liver or renal insufficiency, clinically significant cardiac (including unstable coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure, tachyarrhythmias and recent myocardial infarction) or vascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine (including uncontrolled hyperthyroidism), neurologic (including current or past history of seizures except uncomplicated childhood febrile seizures with no sequelae), hematologic, rheumatologic, or metabolic (including severe dehydration/ hypovolemia) disease
  • Participant has known allergies, hypersensitivity, intolerance or contraindications to esketamine or ketamine or its excipients


  • University of California San Diego/Psychiatry
    San DiegoCalifornia92103-8229United States
  • Sharp Mesa Vista Hospital
    San DiegoCalifornia92123United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated