for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at Encinitas, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Rana R. McKay
Headshot of Rana R. McKay
Rana R. McKay



This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with bladder cancer and other genitourinary tumors with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-repair defects that has spread to other places in the body (advanced or metastatic) and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment. PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as olaparib, can keep PARP from working, so tumor cells can't repair themselves, and they may stop growing.

Official Title

A Phase II Study of Olaparib (AZD2281) in Patients With Metastatic/Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma and Other Genitourinary Tumors With DNA-Repair Defects



  1. To evaluate the efficacy of olaparib in two cohorts of patients with metastatic/advanced non prostate genitourinary (GU) cancer pre-selected by DNA-repair defects as measured by overall response rate (ORR).


  1. To describe the effect of therapy on progression free survival (PFS). II. To describe the effect of therapy on overall survival (OS). III. To describe the safety/tolerability and drug-related toxicities of olaparib.

IV. To follow patients without the pre-selected DNA-repair defects for survival.


  1. To determine the proportion of patients with DNA-repair pathway-mutated genes in metastatic non-prostate GU cancer (patient cohort referred for screening).

II. To correlate levels of baseline circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with survival in untreated patients.

III. To explore tumor-mutational profiles in metastatic tumor biopsies, saliva "normal" DNA, changes in tumor or peripheral immune characteristics, or tumor associated somatic mutation load in blood DNA in response to treatment.

IV. To explore changes in plasma cytokines and correlate with clinical response.

  1. To correlate levels of circulating endothelial cells with clinical outcome. VI. To correlate levels of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with clinical outcome.

VII. To correlate peripheral immune and DNA damage response transcriptional signatures with clinical outcomes.

VIII. To determine the effectiveness of using next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify DNA-repair pathway gene defects in tumor samples and circulating DNA and identify patients with non-prostate GU cancer suitable for PARP inhibition.

IX. To determine the expression of Schlafen 11 (SLFN11) in tumor versus (vs.) stroma cells, and the potential tumor heterogeneity based on SLFN11 expression.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT I: Patients that have cancer-associated DNA-repair gene mutations receive olaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

COHORT II: Patients that do not have cancer-associated DNA-repair gene mutations undergo blood sample collection at baseline.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4 weeks, every 2 months for 1 year, then every 3 months thereafter.


Advanced Bladder Carcinoma, Advanced Genitourinary System Carcinoma, Metastatic Bladder Carcinoma, Metastatic Genitourinary System Carcinoma, Stage III Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Stage IV Bladder Cancer AJCC v8, Carcinoma, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, Olaparib, Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors, Biospecimen Collection


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis non-prostate GU cancer
  • Patients must have Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA) testing and fit one of the following groups:
    • Confirmed presence of a cancer-associated alteration considered pathogenic/likely pathogenic by FM and/or the Genetics Review Panel in one or more of the following genes: BRCA1, BRCA2, ATM, BAP1, MSH2, PALB2, and BRIP1 or in one or more of the DNA-repair genes tested in the FoundationOne FoundationOneCDx (F1CDx) panel including the following genes (Foundation One mutation analysis results performed prior to enrollment on this study may be accepted for eligibility review and in the event that a patient cannot undergo a biopsy and tumor is not available,

      Foundation Medicine liquid biopsy may be performed): ABL1, ATR, ATRX, BARD1, BRD4, CCND1, CHEK1, CHEK2, DOT1L, FANCC, FANCE, FANCG, FANCL, IKBKE, MEN1, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, MUTYH, NPM1, PMS2, POLD1, POLE, RAD51, SMARCB1, STK11, TP53

      • Note: FoundationOneCDx (F1CDx) is a next generation sequencing based in vitro diagnostic device for detection of substitutions, insertion and deletion alterations (indels), and copy number alterations (CNAs) in 324 genes and select gene rearrangements, as well as genomic signatures including microsatellite instability (MSI) and tumor mutational burden (TMB) using DNA isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue specimens
    • Patients with benign or variants of unknown significance as determined by FoundationOne FoundationOneCDx (F1CDx) panel and Genetics Review Panel review will be included to be followed for survival
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm (>= 2 cm) by chest x-ray or as >= 10 mm (>= 1 cm) with computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Evidence of disease progression as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (version 1.1) during treatment or after the most recent dose of therapy with at least one platinum-based regimen of chemotherapy and/or an immune-checkpoint inhibitor (atezolizumab, pembrolizumab, nivolumab, avelumab or durvalumab) (2-week washout from chemotherapy and 4-weeks washout from monoclonal antibodies is required)
  • Age >= 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of olaparib in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (or Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (for subjects with documented Gilbert's disease total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dL)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (for subjects with liver metastasis AST/ALT =< 5 x ULN)
  • Creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m2
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL; transfusions are allowed
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within 1.25 x ULN institutional limits, except where a lupus anti-coagulant has been confirmed or the patient is on direct oral anticoagulant (DOA)
  • Patients must be able to tolerate oral medications and not have gastrointestinal illnesses that would preclude absorption of olaparib
  • Pre-clinical data indicate that olaparib adversely affects embryofetal survival and development. Therefore, women of child-bearing potential and their partners should agree to use two (2) highly effective forms of contraception throughout study participation and for at least one (1) month after the last dose of olaparib. Male study participants should avoid fathering a child or donating sperm during the study and for three (3) months after the last dose of olaparib.
    • Note: Olaparib is a PARP inhibitor with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is a potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with olaparib, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with olaparib
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document or patients with impaired decision making capacity (IDMC) if they are represented by a legally authorized representative (LAR)
  • Patients must provide archival tumor sample for mutation analysis or be willing to undergo mandatory screening biopsy. In the event that the patient cannot undergo biopsy and tumor is not available, Foundation Medicine liquid biopsy will be performed
  • Postmenopausal or evidence of non-childbearing status for women of childbearing potential: negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 28 days of study treatment and confirmed prior to treatment on day 1. Postmenopausal is defined as:
    • Amenorrheic for 1 year or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments
    • Luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels in the post menopausal range for women under 50
    • Radiation-induced oophorectomy with last menses > 1 year ago
    • Chemotherapy-induced menopause with > 1 year interval since last menses
    • Surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)
  • Patients is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations

You CAN'T join if...

  • Patients who have had prior treatment with olaparib or any other PARP inhibitor (PARPi)
  • Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia; or baseline features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myelogenous leukemia on peripheral blood smear or bone marrow biopsy, if clinically indicated
  • Persistent toxicities (>= Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] grade 2) with the exception of alopecia, caused by previous cancer therapy
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents. Patients may be on other clinical trials or treatment during screening to determine eligibility
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. A scan to confirm the absence of brain metastases is not required. Patients with spinal cord compression unless considered to have received definitive treatment for this and evidence of clinically stable disease for 28 days
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition of olaparib
  • Patients receiving any medications or substances that are inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A are ineligible. A washout period prior to starting olaparib for patients on CYP3A inhibitors is 2 weeks; and the required washout period for CYP3A inducers is 5 weeks for enzalutamide or phenobarbital and 3 weeks for other agents
    • Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference texts such as the Physicians' Desk Reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because olaparib is a PARP inhibitor agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects
  • Any chronic or concurrent acute liver disease
  • History of stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or myocardial infarction, within 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Uncontrolled concurrent disease or illness including but not limited to:
    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia
    • Unstable or untreated cardiac conditions or ejection fraction of < 50% as determined by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
    • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Other severe, acute, or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration or that may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for the study
  • Immunocompromised patients, e.g., patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Patients with known active hepatitis (i.e., hepatitis B or C) due to risk of transmitting the infection through blood or other body fluids
  • Other malignancy within the last 5 years except: adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in situ cancer of the cervix, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), stage 1, grade 1 endometrial carcinoma, or other solid tumors including lymphomas (without bone marrow involvement) curatively treated with no evidence of disease for >= 5 years. Patients with a history of localized triple negative breast cancer or localized resected prostate cancer may be eligible, provided they completed their adjuvant chemotherapy more than three years prior to registration, and that the patient remains free of recurrent or metastatic disease
  • Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) with corrected QT (QTc) > 470 msec on 2 or more time points within a 24 hour period or family history of long QT syndrome
  • Patients receiving any systemic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (except for palliative reasons) within 2 weeks prior to study treatment
  • Major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment and patients must have recovered from any effects of any major surgery
  • Previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord blood transplantation (dUCBT)


  • UC San Diego Health System - Encinitas currently not accepting new patients, but might later
    Encinitas California 92024 United States
  • UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92093 United States
  • UC San Diego Medical Center - Hillcrest accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92103 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Rana R. McKay
    Associate Clinical Professor, Medicine, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 269 research publications


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Phase 2 research study
Study Type
Expecting 150 study participants
Last Updated