Cediranib Maleate and Olaparib Compared to Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma
This randomized phase II trial studies how well cediranib maleate and olaparib work compared to bevacizumab in treating patients with glioblastoma that has come back (recurrent). Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
A Randomized Phase 2 Trial of Cediranib and Olaparib Compared to Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Who Have Not Received Prior VEGF Therapy
- To compare the antitumor activity of cediranib maleate (cediranib)/olaparib versus reference bevacizumab monotherapy, as measured by progression-free survival at 6 months (PF6), in patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GBM).
- To compare overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS) and objective response (ORR) in patients with recurrent GBM treated with cediranib/olaparib versus bevacizumab.
II. To assess the safety of the combination of olaparib and cediranib in patients with recurrent GBM.
III. To evaluate the association of blood based biomarkers involved with angiogenesis using the Biomarker Review Committee-approved Plasma Angiome Panel (bFGF, Ang-1, Ang-2, Tie-2, SDF1-alpha, Collagen IV, PlGF, sVEGFR1, sVEGFR2, VEGF, Il-1beta, Il-6, Il-8, TNF-alpha, CAIX) with the clinical activity of cediranib/olaparib.
IV. To evaluate the association of tissue biomarkers involved with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair using the Biomarker Review Committee-approved BROCA panel with the clinical activity of cediranib/olaparib.
- To identify genomic alteration by whole exome sequencing in GBM tumor specimens that correlate with the clinical activity of cediranib/olaparib.
VI. To evaluate the association of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) imaging parameters (tumor perfusion and oxygenation, brain tumor cellularity) with the biological response of cediranib/olaparib.
VII. To contribute genetic analysis data from de-identified biospecimens to Genomic Data Commons (GDC), a well annotated cancer molecular and clinical data repository, for current and future research; specimens will be annotated with key clinical data, including presentation, diagnosis, staging, summary treatment, and if possible, outcome.
VIII. To bank formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue, blood (for cell-free DNA analysis), and nucleic acids obtained from patients at the Experimental Therapeutics Clinical Trials Network (ETCTN) Biorepository at Nationwide Children's Hospital.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive olaparib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) and cediranib maleate PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28.
ARM B: Patients receive bevacizumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes every 2 weeks.
In both arms, cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then periodically for 3 years.
Recurrent Glioblastoma Glioblastoma Bevacizumab Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological Olaparib Cediranib Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors Endothelial Growth Factors Antibodies Immunoglobulins Antibodies, Monoclonal Immunoglobulin G Maleic acid Cediranib Maleate
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- Unequivocal evidence of progressive disease on contrast-enhanced brain computed tomography (CT) or MRI as defined by Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) criteria, or have documented recurrent glioblastoma on diagnostic biopsy
- Previous therapy with at least radiotherapy and temozolomide
- Must be 12 weeks from radiotherapy; if patients are within 12 weeks of radiotherapy, then the progressive lesion must be outside of the high-dose radiation target volume or have unequivocal evidence of progressive tumor on a biopsy specimen
- Only first and second recurrences of GBM are eligible
- From the projected start of scheduled study treatment, the following time periods must have elapsed: 5 half-lives from investigational agents, 4 weeks from cytotoxic therapy (except 23 days for temozolomide and 6 weeks from nitrosoureas), 6 weeks from antibodies, or 4 weeks (or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter) from other systemic anti-tumor therapies; treatment on study may start one day after discontinuation of the optune device
- All adverse events grade > 1 related to prior therapies (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and/or surgery) must be resolved, except for alopecia
- Willingness to release archival tissue sample for research purposes, if available
- Karnofsky performance status >= 60
- Life expectancy of at least 3 months
- Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
- Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
- Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL and no blood transfusions in the 28 days prior to entry/randomization
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
Creatinine should not exceed the institutional upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
- Urine protein: creatinine (UPC) ratio < 1 or urine dipstick for proteinuria =< 2+ (note: if the UPC ratio is >= 1.0 then a 24-hour urine collection should be performed and this must demonstrate =< 1 g of protein in 24 hours)
- CT or MRI within 14 days prior to start of study drug
- Corticosteroid dose must be stable or decreasing for at least 5 days prior to the baseline MRI scan
- The effects of olaparib and cediranib on the developing human fetus are unknown; female subjects must either be of non-reproductive potential, not breast-feeding or must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 28 days of study treatment, confirmed prior to treatment on day 1; women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 6 months after completion of olaparib + cediranib administration
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
You CAN'T join if...
- Participants should not have received any other investigational agents nor have participated in an investigational trial within the past 4 weeks
- Participants may not have had prior use of PARP inhibitors; patients may not have received prior treatment affecting the VEGF pathway including but not limited to thalidomide, bevacizumab, sunitinib, or sorafenib
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to olaparib, cediranib or bevacizumab
- Participants may not have any evidence of ongoing inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as a systolic blood pressure [BP] of > 140 mmHg or a diastolic BP of > 90 mmHg); patients with hypertension may not be on more than three antihypertensive medications for management of their blood pressure (medications that combine two anti-hypertensives into one are considered as two medications); it is strongly recommended that patients who require three antihypertensive medications for baseline management of pre-existing hypertension be actively followed by a cardiologist or blood pressure specialist for management of BP while on protocol
- Participants may not have had any prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
- Participants may not have had history of abdominal fistula or gastrointestinal perforation within the past 6 months
- Participants may not have had a history of intra-abdominal abscess within the past 6 months
- Patients may not have a known or confirmed history of pneumonitis
- Participants may not have current signs and/or symptoms of bowel obstruction or signs and/or symptoms of bowel obstruction within 3 months prior to starting study drugs
- Participants may not have a dependency on IV hydration or total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
- Patients with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia
- Participants with any concomitant or prior invasive malignancies are ineligible with the following exceptions:
- Treated limited-stage basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
- Carcinoma in situ of the breast or cervix
- Prior cancer treated with curative intent with no evidence of recurrent disease 3 years following diagnosis and judged by the investigator to be at low risk of recurrence
- Participants with any of the following:
- History of myocardial infarction within six months
- Unstable angina
- History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within 6 months
- New York Heart Association grade II or greater congestive heart failure
- Significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm, history of aortic dissection)
- Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
- If cardiac function assessment is clinically indicated or performed: participants will be ineligible if left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is less than normal per institutional guidelines, or < 55%, if the threshold for normal is not otherwise specified by institutional guidelines
- Participants may not have corrected QT (QTc) > 470 msec or family history of long QT syndrome
- Participants may not have a major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to starting cediranib; anticipation of need for major surgical procedures during the course of the study also excludes patients from the trial
- Participants should not have any uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Participants receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A4 or moderate inhibitors of CYP3A4 are ineligible; the study team should check a frequently-updated medical reference for a list of drugs to avoid or minimize use of; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product; dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers are permitted for management of hypertension; patient drug information handout and wallet card should be provided to patients
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because cediranib and olaparib agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with cediranib and olaparib breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with cediranib and olaparib; these potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with cediranib and olaparib; in addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated
- Current use of a prohibited medication; the following medications or non-drug therapies are prohibited:
- Other anti-cancer therapy while on study treatment
- Concurrent treatment with bisphosphonates is permitted; however, treatment must be initiated prior to the first dose of study therapy; prophylactic use of bisphosphonates in patients without bone disease is not permitted, except for the treatment of osteoporosis
- Because the composition, pharmacokinetics (PK), and metabolism of many herbal supplements are unknown; the concurrent use of all herbal supplements is prohibited during the study (including, but not limited to, cannabis, S. John's wort, kava, ephedra [ma huang], gingko biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], yohimbe, saw palmetto or ginseng)
- Raloxifene is allowed for patients taking it for bone health
- Participants should not have evidence of coagulopathy or bleeding diathesis; therapeutic anticoagulation for prior thromboembolic events is permitted
- UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center
La Jolla California 92093 United States
- University of Colorado Hospital
Aurora Colorado 80045 United States
- in progress, not accepting new patients
- Start Date
- Completion Date
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- Phase 2
- Study Type
- Last Updated