for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Diego, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Gregory Botta, MD, PhD
Headshot of Gregory Botta
Gregory Botta



TAC01-CLDN18.2 is a novel cell therapy that consists of genetically engineered autologous T cells expressing T-cell Antigen Coupler (TAC) that recognizes Claudin 18.2. TAC directs T-cells to the targeted antigen (CLDN 18.2), and once engaged with the target, activates them via the endogenous T cell receptor.

This is an open-label, multicenter Phase ½ study that aims to establish safety, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D), pharmacokinetic profile and efficacy of TAC01-CLDN18.2.

Official Title

A Phase 1/2 Study Investigating the Safety and Efficacy of Autologous TAC T Cells in Subjects With Unresectable, Locally Advanced or Metastatic Claudin 18.2+ Solid Tumors


The TAC technology is a novel approach to modifying T cells, herein referred to as TAC T cells, and using them in the treatment of solid tumors. TAC T cells are produced through genetic engineering, incorporating TAC receptors into a patient's own T cells. This redirects these enhanced T cells to specific cancer antigens, and upon recognition, activates them through the natural signaling pathways of the endogenous TCR.

In the TAC01-CLDN18.2 engineered T cell product; TAC T cells recognize the CLDN18.2, a tight junction protein present on the surface of tumor cells, where the protein expression is no longer limited to tight junctions and are visible to T cells to eradicate them. Consequently, it is hypothesized TAC01-CLDN18.2 will be potentially safe and active in treating patients with CLDN18.2+ solid tumors and provide a clinically meaningful therapeutic benefit in patient populations with high unmet medical need.

This is a first-in-human study investigating TAC01-CLDN18.2 to evaluate the safety, MTD or RP2D, PK, and efficacy in subjects with CLDN18.2+ solid tumors who have been treated with at least 2 lines of prior therapy in Phase 1 and after at least 2 lines and no more than 4 lines of prior therapy in Phase 2 (Note: in each phase, subjects with PDAC may have been treated with 1 line of prior antineoplastic therapy. In addition, subjects who are being treated with current lines of therapy, but not deriving benefit or not tolerating therapy, and have not progressed maybe also eligible as long as they have measurable disease at baseline as a starting reference point). In Phase 1, escalating doses of TAC01-CLDN18.2 will be evaluated to identify the RP2D using the classic 3+3 dose escalation study design.

In Phase 2, dose expansion groups will further evaluate the efficacy, safety, and PK of the MTD or RP2D for TAC01-CLDN18.2 in subjects with gastric and esophageal AC (Group A), PDAC (Group B), and mucinous ovarian and NSCLC cancers (Group C). In Phase 2, definitions of eligible CLDN18.2+ IHC expression levels will be based on analysis of data from Phase 1 for signals of clinical activity since there are no formal CAP/ASCO guidelines for CLDN18.2+ expression levels. In Phase 2, a Simon 2-stage design will be used to enroll up to 57 subjects in Group A and 22 subjects in Group C. Group B (PDAC) will enroll up to 10 subjects as an exploratory cohort due to the historically low ORRs observed in PDAC. The 10 treated subjects in Group B are designed to seek evidence of potential clinical activity in this difficult to treat CLDN18.2+ subpopulation of PDAC.


Metastatic Solid Tumor, Claudin 18.2, Claudin+, Claudin Positive, Neoplasms, TAC01-CLDN18.2


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Signed, written informed consent obtained before any study procedures are conducted.
  2. Age ≥ 18 years at the time of informed consent.
  3. Tumor tissue samples positive for CLDN18.2 as assessed by central laboratory and HER2 expression negative.
  4. Histologically confirmed advanced, metastatic, unresectable CLDN18.2+ solid tumors after at least 2 lines of prior therapy (Phase 1) and after at least 2 and no more than 4 prior lines of therapy (Phase 2). Subjects with PDAC may have been treated with 1 line of prior therapy.
    1. Subjects with incurable Claudin 18.2 expressing malignancies for which no standard-of-care targeted therapy exists may be enrolled regardless of the number of prior treatment lines.
    2. Specific Phase 1 tumor types include gastric, GEJ, esophageal adenocarcinoma, PDAC, colorectal cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, ovarian mucinous cancer, gallbladder cancer and NSCLC.
    3. Specific Phase 2 tumor types include gastric and esophageal adenocarcinoma (Group A), PDAC (Group B), and ovarian or NSCLC (Group C). Other tumor types are not eligible.
  5. Subjects with solid tumors with genetic alterations and mutations (e.g., BRAF, BRCA, EGFR mutations, and ALK translocation) where approved targeted therapies were available to their specific cancers must have been previously treated with such approved therapies, or refused such approved targeted therapy for their cancers, prior to enrollment, or in the opinion of the Investigator would be unlikely to tolerate or derive clinically meaningful benefit from these standard-of-care therapies.
  6. Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 at time of enrollment.
  7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 at Screening.
  8. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  9. Adequate organ and bone marrow reserve function prior to leukapheresis as outlined in protocol.

    10. Recovery to Grade ≤ 1 or baseline for any toxicities due to previous therapy, except

    alopecia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and neuropathy.

    1. If a subject received major surgery, they must have recovered from the procedure and/or any complications from the procedure prior to starting TAC01-CLDN18.2 therapy.
    2. Toxicity that has not recovered to Grade ≤ 1 is allowed if it meets the inclusion requirements for laboratory parameters.
      1. Adequate vascular access for leukapheresis as per institutional standards
      2. For women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, agreement to use highly effective methods of contraception starting 28 days prior to study treatment and continue for 1 year after the last TAC01-CLDN18.2 infusion. For men who have partners physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, agreement to use an effective barrier contraceptive method and refrain from donating sperm during study treatment and for 1 year after the last TAC01-CLDN18.2 infusion.
        1. Subjects who are hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive are eligible if they have received hepatitis B virus (HBV) antiviral therapy for at least 4 weeks and have undetectable HBV viral load prior to enrollment. Note: Subjects should remain on antiviral therapy throughout study intervention and follow local guidelines for HBV antiviral therapy post completion of study intervention.
        2. Subjects with history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are eligible if HCV viral load is undetectable at Screening. Note: Subjects must have completed curative antiviral therapy at least 4 weeks prior to enrollment.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Intolerant to any component of TAC01-CLDN18.2
  2. Prior treatment with any of the following:
    1. Adoptive cell transfer of any kind, including CAR T cells.
    2. Gene therapy
  3. Prior treatment with a CLDN18.2 targeted agent (Phase 2 only)
  4. Investigational medicinal product within 5 half-lives or 21 days prior to leukapheresis, whichever is shorter.
  5. Participation in or has participated in a study using an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  6. Receipt of a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study Intervention. Administration of killed vaccines are allowed.
  7. Radiation within 28 days prior to leukapheresis. Palliative radiation is allowed up to 14 days prior to leukapheresis if additional non-irradiated lesions are present.
  8. Chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy within 14 days prior to leukapheresis, or within 7 days prior to leukapheresis for erlotinib, gefitinib, afatinib, or crizotinib in NSCLC subjects.
  9. Colony stimulating factors, including granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), erythropoietin, and other hematopoietic cytokines, within 14 days prior to leukapheresis.

    10. Immunosuppressive medication within 14 days or corticosteroid treatment < 72 hours

    prior to leukapheresis, except for physiological replacement doses (< 12 mg/m2/24 hours of hydrocortisone or equivalent) and topical or inhaled steroids.

    11. History or presence of clinically relevant central nervous system (CNS) pathology such

    as epilepsy, seizure, paresis, aphasia, stroke, severe brain injury, dementia, Parkinson's disease, cerebellar disease, organic brain syndrome, or psychosis.

    12. Known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with

    previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study Screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment.

    13. Active inflammatory neurological disorders (e.g., Guillain-Barre Syndrome, amyotrophic

    lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis).

    14. Active autoimmune disease (e.g., lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren's syndrome)

    requiring systemic disease modifying agents in the past 2 years. Hormone replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin), or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy (for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.

    15. Active or uncontrolled hepatitis B or C (HCV ribonucleic acid [RNA] positive)

    infection or any history of or active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

    16. Uncontrolled, acute, or life-threatening bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.

    Subjects with ongoing use of prophylactic antibiotics, antifungals, or antivirals are eligible if there is no evidence of active infection (includes COVID positive subjects).

    17. Class III or IV heart failure (as defined by the New York Heart Association [NYHA]),

    cardiac angioplasty or stenting, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or other clinically significant cardiac disease within 6 months prior to Screening.

    18. Cardiac arrhythmia not controlled by medical management. 19. Clinically significant thrombotic events within 3 months prior to leukapheresis and/or

    inability to stop anticoagulation for at least 2 weeks prior to TAC01-CLDN18.2 infusion without compromising a subject's health (except in subjects with PDAC).

    20. Prior radiation therapy to the lung > 30 Gy within 6 months of the first dose of study


    21. History of Grade ≥ 3 drug-induced pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required

    steroids or has current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.

    22. Ongoing unstable or active gastrointestinal ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding. 23. Complete gastric outlet syndrome or a partial gastric outlet syndrome with

    persistent/recurrent vomiting.

    24. History of organ transplantation or awaiting organ transplantation. 25. Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment or has

    been an incurable malignant tumor over the last 5 years. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, non-metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.

    26. Pregnancy or lactation. Females physiologically capable of becoming pregnant must have

    a negative serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result at Screening and within 48 hours prior to the first dose of LDC.

    27. As determined by the Investigator, any uncontrolled medical, psychological, familial,

    sociological, or geographical condition(s) that do(es) not permit compliance with the protocol.

    28. Has a known psychiatric or any disorder that would interfere with the participant's

    ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.


  • University of California San Diego accepting new patients
    San Diego California 92037 United States
  • University of Southern California accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90033 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSD

  • Gregory Botta, MD, PhD
    Assistant Clinical Professor, Medicine, Vc-health Sciences-schools. Authored (or co-authored) 23 research publications


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Triumvira Immunologics, Inc.
Phase 1/2 research study
Study Type
Expecting 113 study participants
Last Updated